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True Oscar Rabin: sausage, herring and newspapers for memory

The organizer of the famous rebellious "Bulldozer Exhibition" Oscar Yakovlevich Rabin did not become November 7, 2018. The artist died at the age of 90 in Florence, where preparations were under way for his next exhibition. Today we are talking about the work of the master and his fate - how will he remain in the memory of his contemporaries?To put up with or fight - this problem, each of the Soviet artists decided in their own way. Acute, rebellious, does not fit into the generally accepted canons of social realism, Oscar Rabin chose to fight. In his paintings - very personal, very allegorical - the reverse side of the surrounding world, its wrong side, was reflected. Ugly, sometimes scary. No gloss, no soviet flags.Garbage bin number 8Oskar Yakovlevich Rabin1958, 29.3 × 41.5 cmDragonfly over Moscow riverOskar Yakovlevich Rabin1962, 30 × 40 cm "Living in the USSR, I belonged to the camp of unrecognized artists, artists of the" unofficial ", but only the police thought I was a parasite," Oscar Rabin recalled.StolichnayaOskar Yakovlevich Rabin1961, 31 × 25 cmSelf-portrait with fish and vinegar essence Oskar Yakovlevich Rabin 1965, 43 × 23 cm Artist and poet Yevgeny Kropyvnytskyi became the first teacher of Oscar Rabin. We can say that Kropivnitskie became the second family for Oscar Rabin - the artist's mother died during the Second World War. After studying for three years at the Riga Academy of Arts, and after - just over a year at MGHI. Surikov, Rabin returns to his first teacher. In 1950, he makes an offer to his daughter, artist Valentina Kropivnitskaya, and this is a family and creative union for life.Oscar Rabin and Valentina KropivnitskayaOskar Yakovlevich Rabin1965, 25 × 42.4 cm In the late 1950s, artists and writers united around Yevgeny Kropivnitsky and formed the Lianozovo artistic group, or, as they were called, the Lianozovo circle. Nonconformists openly clashed with the authorities, proving their right to acquaint the public with art that is not subject to party canons.Letter. B. Cherkizovskaya streetOskar Yakovlevich Rabin1965, 32 × 41.7 cmThe famous “Bulldozer Exhibition”, which Oscar Rabin and his associates organized in Bitsevsky Park in 1974, became one of such events.
All attempts by artists to show their work undertaken up to this point, carefully kept silent, the exhibition closed in a matter of hours. However, the exhibition in Bitsevskom Park in Moscow had a big resonance: it was attended by Western journalists and diplomats, and the application for the event “The first autumn viewing of pictures in the open air” was officially submitted to the authorities.Yevgeny Kropyvnytsky, Valentina Kropyvnytsky and Oskar Rabin. Izmailovo, 1974
Photo source: europalibera.org "There was just a desire to exhibit my paintings, to live as an artist, and not as a technician on the railway - I had to live like this, or, at best, an illustrator of children's books, like many others."
From the interview of Oscar Rabin to the Kommersant newspaper"Just fate ..." Ginsburg. Sinyavsky. Daniel.Oskar Yakovlevich Rabin1967, 34 × 50 cm The finale of the event is known. After the dispersal of the “bulldozer exhibition”, the question of the harsh repressive steps towards its organizer was a matter of time. Rabin was remembered by all - and an exception to the MGHI. Surikov "for formalism", and a solo exhibition in London, held in 1964, and participation in the exhibition of Alexander Glezer on the Highway of Enthusiasts, and the sale of paintings abroad ...
In January 1977, the artist was detained on charges of parasitism and put under house arrest. After refusing to emigrate to Israel, Rabin was offered to leave for Europe, and he agreed - on condition that his wife and son go with him. A year later, Rabin was deprived of his Soviet citizenship "due to the fact that his activities dishonored the title of Soviet citizen." The Soviet government got rid of the objectionable rebel.RubleOskar Yakovlevich Rabin1964, 22 × 17 cmOskar Rabin and his wife Valentina Kropivnitskaya returned to Russia only in 1993, to the exhibition of their works, which was organized by the State Russian Museum. Recognition of the artists began to exhibit, held in the Tretyakov Gallery, then - in the Museum of Fine Arts.Absolute and two large herringsOskar Yakovlevich Rabin 2006, 81 cm Despite the fact that in 2006 the artist was given a passport of a citizen of the Russian Federation, Oscar Rabin did not return to his homeland.Clouds, sausage and OrthodoxyOskar Yakovlevich Rabin2012 “... There are very different directions, and the experiments undoubtedly open up many new possibilities. But I am confused by the dictatorial methods by which they are asserted. I am for the elitism of art, for aristocratic artists - not by birth, but by gift. Democracy opposes the principle of being chosen, therefore the whole XX century was oriented towards averaging ... ”- from an interview with Oscar Rabin to the Kommersant newspaper, 2014.Transportation of champagne by SeneOskar Yakovlevich Rabin2014, 130 × 97 cm. By chance - or, ironically, Oscar Rabin passed away on November 7th, a day that was a “red calendar day” for millions of Soviet people for several decades. Its valued all over the world. Oscar Rabin struggled to work the way he wanted, to show the world the way he saw it. And in this he succeeded. Title illustration: Oscar Rabin. "Not true". 1975Arthiv: read us in Telegraf and look on Instagram