An exhibition of Ivan Kramskoy and his associates opened in Moscow

The exhibition “In the Circle of Comrades. By the 180th anniversary of the birth of I.N. Kramskoy. The exposition consisted of about 60 paintings and drawings from the collection of the Voronezh Regional Art Museum, including early drawings made by Kramskoy during his years of study at the Academy of Arts.Moscow viewers had the opportunity to once again get in touch with the art of the masters of the brilliant pleiad of the Wanderers, a kind of symbol of Russian painting of the late 19th century: along with works by Ivan Kramskoy, the halls feature works by Arkhip Kuindzhi and Isaac Levitan, Vladimir Makovsky and Ilya Repin.Photos of works in the exhibition. Source: vrn-uk.ruPortrait of Sophia Nikolaevna and Sophia Ivanovna Kramskikh, the artist's wife and daughter Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy1875The life of Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy (1837–1887), a painter, organizer and theorist of art, was an example of devotion to the idea connected with the conviction of the artist’s high purpose and his public duty. The master of portrait and genre painting, art innovator, Ivan Kramskoy was the leader of the “Riot of Fourteen”, as well as one of the organizers and ideologists of the Association of Traveling Exhibitions. Despite the fact that Kramskoy left the Academy, he was awarded the title of academician - so highly and undoubtedly was his skill.On the balcony. SiverskayaIvan Nikolaevich Kramskoy1883As art historians believe, Kramskoy showed his talent in masterly writing portraits to the maximum: reproductions of Kramskoy portraits from Griboyedov and Nekrasov to Shevchenko are often seen in most school classrooms. Moreover, the master was prepared to write portraits to order, considered them a burden, bondage, the task of which was to allow for the family, and he dreamed of giving his strength to serious, “real” art. “To write only portraits, today, tomorrow, etc., year after year, and not see a way out - this can act depressingly on talent. I am tired of this situation ... ”, the artist admitted. Nevertheless, on his account - more than 3 thousand portrait works.The book fascinated herIvan Nikolaevich Kramskoy1872Kramskoy taught at the Society for the Encouragement of Arts, and as a teacher left behind a good memory and grateful students. Ilya Repin, until the end of his days, spoke of him with great respect and love and listened to his comments. Organizing abilities Ivan Kramskoy had great. It was he who sounded to the Council of the Academy the refusal of 14 talented graduates to take part in the competition for the Big Gold Medal. The medal meant for the winner a six-year residence in Italy at the full pension of the institution. The rest of the participants were guaranteed a place of profit. Young ambitious artists did not want to describe the mythological plot on a given theme “Feast in Valhalla” (according to Scandinavian mythology). Insulted by ignoring their demands and inspired by new democratic trends, the rebels, led by Ivan Kramskoy, left the Academy and organized an independent Artel of Artists. Read more stories from the life of the famous portrait painter in the Arthive material.Ivan Kramskoy. "Portrait of Junker" .1860-e
Photo source: umbra. media The collection of works by Ivan Kramsky in Voronezh took shape in the 1920s and 1930s thanks to the participation of the son of the artist Anatoly Kramsky and the assistance of an expert in local history, art historian, professor Yury Ivanovich Uspensky. It was he who played the role of mediator in the relations of the public of the city and the artist's family. In the Voronezh Art Museum contains over thirty works of Kramskoy, and the museum itself bears his name. In addition to the anniversary of the artist, the exposition is also devoted to the 85th anniversary of the founding of this museum.Portrait of Anatoly Kramskoy, the artist’s son, Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy, 1882, 73.5 × 61.5 cmVladimir Makovsky. "Water Mill".
Photo source: umbra. mediaThe exhibition of works by Ivan Kramskoy from the collection of the Voronezh Museum is of particular interest to Muscovites and guests of the capital. Viewers will also see for the first time never-before-exhibited works by other artists: an unfinished etude etude - an educational sketch that the artist uses to study nature. Such a recipe for the artist, where everything is simple and clear. An etude is written quickly, precisely, schematically, literally on the knee - this is a proven way to touch the world and catalog it. But the status of etude in the history of art is so unstable that sometimes it acquires a value much more than the final picture, for which he served as a help. He is surrounded by a serious wide frame - and hoisted on the museum walls. So in what case is an etude a student warm-up, and in which is an independent, lively and valuable work? Read further Fyodor Vasilyev, the lyrical landscape master, Vladimir Makovsky's work “The Water Mill”, etchings by Ivan Shishkin and two pencil drawings by Ilya Repin.Alexey Bogolyubov. "Dardanelles". 1873Exhibition “In the Circle of Comrades. By the 180th anniversary of the birth of I.N. Kramskoy "
in the Art Gallery of Zurab Tsereteli works until July 8, 2018.Nikolay Ge. Portrait Portrait is a realistic genre depicting a person or a group of people existing in reality. The portrait - in the French reading - portrait, from the old French portraire - "reproduce something line in line." Another facet of the name of the portrait lies in the outdated word "parsuna" - from the Latin. persona - "person; person". Read more peasant. 1887Alexander Buchkuri. "Laundresses". 1908Arthiv: read us in Telegraf and look in Instagram
Main illustration: Ivan Kramskoy. "The book fascinated her (fragment)." 1872. Prepared based on the press release of the Russian Academy of Arts and Arthiv's own publications.