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Scottish landscape on engraving by Peter Bruegel the Elder discovered by scientists

The coastal mountain formation on a 16th century engraving resembles the famous rock island Bass-Rock in the mouth of the Firth of Forth, the art historian claims.In the engraving "Military three-mast ship and the scene with Daedalus and Icarus" (1560s) by Peter Bruegel the Elder are recognizable elements of one of the most famous landscapes of Scotland. This statement was made by one of the leading Scottish art historians Duncan Macmillan. He points to an “unusual similarity” between the coastal rock formation at work of Bruegel and the famous Bass Rock, located a mile from the coast in the Firth of Forth.The military three-mast ship and the scene with Daedalus and IkarPiter Bruegel the Elder1561, 22.2 × 28.7 cmSam Peter Bruegel the Elder, most likely, was not in Scotland, but used the work of his colleagues, suggests McMillan. At that time, Scottish artists worked in Flanders and vice versa. Frans Huis, Bruegel's engraver, included the distinctive contour of the rock, but in mirror image. This means that the image must be “flipped” to see the familiar silhouette.
On Bass-Rock there is a huge colony of boobies, who at work Bruegel circling over a rock and dive into the water for fish. According to the magazine Scottish Art News, this detail complements the discovery. It is the presence of these birds in the picture confirms the discovery of Macmillan, the author of the book "Scottish Art of 1460 - 2000".

Peter Bruegel the Elder, “The Artist and the Expert” (c. 1566). Albertina Gallery, Vienna
James Knox, director of the Fleming Collection gallery, a large private collection of Scottish art, says that he “is pleased to support the remarkable discovery of Duncan Macmillan in the history of art in Scotland.” However, no independent experts on the work of Peter Bruegel the Elder did not respond to requests from the influential edition of The Art Newspaper for comments.

Bass Rock is a significant navigation landmark near the Scottish fishing town of North Berwick. Once on the island was a fortress, where the Scottish kings imprisoned state criminals. Scala has inspired many artists, from William Turner to contemporary pastelist Matthew Draper. The colony of northern boobies, whose Latin name Morus Bassanus derives from the name of the island, is a well-known natural phenomenon. He was written about him in 1521 by John Mayor in his History of England and Scotland.
See also: "The Triumph of Death" by Pieter Bruegel the Elder: what you have not seenThe myth of Icarus is one of the motifs of Peter Bruegel the Elder. "Landscape with the fall of Icarus" from the Royal Museums of Fine Arts in Brussels, most likely - an early copy of the lost original. Although only a half of the rock is visible on Bruegel's engraving, Macmilan is convinced that he is right. “The main all-encompassing moment is that Bruegel explicitly compares the fate of Icarus with the flight and diving of booby. Bass Rock is mentioned in any early description of Scotland, ”the scientist emphasizes.
Recall that in the Vienna Museum of Art History until January 13, there is a blockbuster exhibition “Bruegel” - the largest retrospective in the history of the master of the Northern Renaissance, which can hardly be repeated in the coming decades.
Based on The Art Newspaper. The main illustration: the contour of the rock from Bruegel's engraving superimposed on Bass Rock; collageCollagraphy is a relatively new type of embossed print. It was invented in the middle of the 20th century and combines environmental friendliness, ease of execution, richness of textures and plastics, and, moreover, it is well combined with other graphic manners (for example, "dry needle"). The printed matrix is ​​a collage (hence the name combining the words "collage" and "graph") and is created by sticking various materials — fabrics, plastic, sand, plants, and so on — to a wooden or cardboard base using various pastes. Read more Collage (from fr. Collage - sticking) - a method used in the visual arts and consists in creating applications from different fragments, different in color and texture. This term also denotes work done in this technique. It was first introduced by futurists and cubists, in particular, Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, to the visual arts. They combined scraps of fabric, photographs and wallpapers on canvas. Famous collage artists include film director Sergei Paradzhanov, who combined photographs, pieces of lace, porcelain, and dried plants.
Decorator reception is often tried to diversify with painting tools: a brush with paint or a pen with ink. The creative genre is characterized by diversity and courage of ideas. A related technique is assemblage, which involves combining various objects and their parts on one surface. Photo collages are very popular today. Read more about Duncan Macmillan