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Above the self-portrait of Artemisia Gentileschi from the National Gallery in London hangs the shadow of the Nazis

"Saint Catherine of Alexandria", found in France, is included in the list of paintings with an obscure origin.The National Gallery in London is preparing with great pomp to present its loudest acquisition in 2018 - “Self-portrait in the image of St. Catherine of Alexandria” by Artemisia Gentileschi. The institution stated that the canvas, which “debuts” on December 19, will be a “Christmas gift of the nation”. But over the recently found work of one of the leading artists of the Baroque era, the Baroque style that changed the Renaissance, unlike the Renaissance art, which maintained the distance between the work and the audience, sought to shake the soul. Of course, successfully: the picturesque gems of those times are true treasures. A shadow hangs further: as artnet News reports, without attracting everyone’s attention, the museum added it to the list of works that could have been illegal prey during World War II.
It turns out that when the trustees of the National Gallery agreed to buy the painting for 3.6 million pounds sterling (4.5 million US dollars) in May 2018, they also decided to add it to the list of works that could be “improperly obtained” during the years of Hitler’s dictatorship . Board members are worried about the lack of employment documents in the 1930s - 1940s: it is not known who owned it before Charles Marie Budville, who died in the early 1940s and bequeathed the canvas to his teenage son, became its owner.Self-portrait in the image of St. CatherineArtemisia Gentileschi1615, 71 × 71 cm As is known from numerous documents, during the Nazi occupation of France, Jewish collectors were forced to sell their treasures cheaply, as well as throw them away during flight or deportation. Abandoned neighbors often took over abandoned works of art and other things. However, independent experts emphasize that the fact that history is not documented does not mean that it is illegal. In 1999, the National Gallery became the first major art museum to publish a list of its paintings with incomplete provenance.Another self-portrait self-portrait was written not only by portrait painters. Knowledge of the world through the study of his own image is widespread among the masters of the brush of all time. Read more Portrait is a realistic genre depicting an existing person or group of people. The portrait - in the French reading - portrait, from the old French portraire - "reproduce something line in line." Another facet of the name of the portrait lies in the outdated word "parsuna" - from the Latin. persona - "person; person". Read more "St. Catherine of Alexandria" by Artemisia Gentileschi, written around 1615, is stored in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence. The gap in the history of the painting begins from the moment it was created in Florence around 1615 and lasts until the 1940s. It is difficult to trace the fate of the canvas at the beginning of the 20th century due to the lack of marks on previous sales on the reverse side (which is not uncommon, however). The National Gallery has evidence that Charles-Marie Budville did not buy “St. Catherine” - he was not a collector or a person with the means - but he inherited it. “This indicates that the work was in family ownership long before 1933, when the Nazi looting began,” the museum writes.
The former owner of the picture gave a “clear report” on how the family owned it “for at least three generations”. But for decades nobody knew the true authorship of the portrait. His accessories from Artemisia Gentileschi were opened by auctioneer Christophe Joron-Derem, who also verified that the work does not appear on the Art Loss list as stolen by the Nazis or sold under duress. In December 2017, St. Catherine was purchased at auction for 2 million 360 thousand euros a dealer company from London. Six months later, she sold it to the National Gallery for an amount in excess of 4 million euros.Head of the Department of Restoration and Conservation of the National Gallery Larry Keith inspects “Self-portrait Self-portraits were written not only by portrait painters. Knowledge of the world through the study of his own image is widespread among the masters of the brush of all time. Read more Portrait is a realistic genre depicting an existing person or group of people. The portrait - in the French reading - portrait, from the old French portraire - "reproduce something line in line." Another facet of the name of the portrait lies in the outdated word "parsuna" - from the Latin. persona - "person; person". Read further in the image of St. Catherine of Alexandria "Artemisia Gentileschi. Source: nationalgallery.org.uk Next week, the institution promises to publish "exciting" plans on the occasion of the accession of the painting to its permanent exhibition, which has more than 2,300 masterpieces. In this case, "St. Catherine" will be only the twenty-first work of a woman in a museum collection.
Artemisia Gentileschi (1593 - 1653), which for a long time was better known for its tragic fate than creativity, now enjoys growing popularity. In her youth, she was raped by her teacher, Agostino Tassi, after which she was subjected to humiliating interrogations and physical torture during the trial. Subsequently, the images of women affected by male cruelty and / or revengeful men became the main motive of her work. Read also: Dangerous connections. Seven high-profile sex scandals in paintingJael and SiseraArthemisia Gentileschi1620, 86 × 125 cmJudith, decapitating HolofernaArthemisia Gentileschi1620, 199 × 162.5 cmSusanna and the EldersArtemisia Gentileschi1610, 170 × 119 cmEsther before ArtaxerxesArthemisia Gentilesky1635, 208.3 × 273.7 cmLucretiaArtemizia GentileskiXVII century, 133 × 106 cmArthiv: read us in Telegram and look on Instagram
Based on artnet News. Main illustration: antiquestradegazette.com

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