"Sulfur - master of pointillism" in the Netherlands: from "Circus" to "Kan-kan"

His Majesty the King of the Netherlands Willem-Alexander opened the exhibition Georges Seuer - so this event! The creativity of the inventor of pointillism (point-to-point ... another point!) And the founder of neo-impressionism are represented in the Kröller-Muller Museum in honor of the anniversary of the famous art stronghold. So, especially from Paris until September 7, the “Circus” canvas complemented the “Kan-Kan” from the museum collection. In addition, there are about 50 works - an impressive part, alas, of the small heritage of such a significant creator.

The Kröller-Müller Museum (Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo) is known for its solid collection of works of the XIX-XX centuries from Cranach to Picasso, and the second after Amsterdam collection of works by Van Gogh (87, including "Night Cafe Terrace"). And now the museum is also in the top news thanks to the current exhibition. He has already five works of the artist (the famous "Kan-Kan" (1889−90) and landscapes) - an impressive indicator of the status of the institution "hero of the day".
For the first time, visitors are shown “the whole of Sulfur” from the collection; works from other museums and private collections have joined them. A total of 23 paintings and 24 drawings - the largest number of those that have ever been exhibited in the Netherlands.

  • At the exhibition - the King!
  • Point of view…
Georges Cera (Seurat 1859−1891) was released quite a few years - he left this world at the age of 32, so his legacy is small (about 50 paintings in his new style, including seven large canvases), but very significant. "The elite of the artistic avant-garde of Paris" and "the founder and inspirer of neo-impressionism" —which he did not receive any “titles”! In life, however, the Impressionists did not complain about him, and for innovation.The fact is that Sulfur not only “worked by inspiration”, but also, delving into optics, the theory of light and color, carefully followed the canons he invented (almost a formula!) Of aesthetic harmony, which “can be decomposed into elements of tone, color and line ".
But the main thing is that Sulfur - everything converges! A scattering of points at a certain distance “focuses” into the picture, everything being grouped subtly and precisely in color. Shades, transitions ... amazing! And although the current public is not particularly struck with "special effects", but at the exhibition - the hype.Circus Georges Sera 1891, 185 × 152.5 cm “The hit of the season” - the famous “Le Cirque”, the last work created by Sulfur - it was unfinished, and it was painted by the artist’s friend Maximilian Luce. Now the picture has arrived in Otterlo from the Musée d'Orsay Museum - it is rarely taken out of the “native” Paris. Not at the exhibition without the Eiffel Tower! The themes of his paintings Sulfur found in Paris and the townships of Northern France, where he rested by the sea in the summer - a special series of works with views from the Gravelines is noted.Sunday in Port-en-Bessin Georges Sera 1888, 66 × 82 cm

Georges Cera had a strong influence on a whole generation of artists. Not to mention the strength of his personal conviction (“charisma,” they would say today), the ideas were consonant with a whole circle of creators. Thanks also to the work of his friend and fellow pointillism Paul Signac (Paul Signac), neo-impressionism spread in France, Belgium and the Netherlands.

Pay attention to the work, for example, Henri van de Velde and Jan Torop (Jan Toorop - see picture). So that the impressive “art supplement” of 60 works by these and other artists gives an idea of ​​the scale of the influence of creativity Sulfur.
The “background” at the exhibition is a film about the drawing-point-exact method of Sulfur “Seurat. In search of the essence. Well, and around and around the exhibition itself there are lectures, classes for children (dot ... dot ... cucumber!), Concerts and theatrical performances.

Instead of dots.
Pictures of the artist today are priceless. And during the lifetime of Sulfur, he managed to sell only a few paintings: the landscapes took 300 francs, and for the laborious and epochal "Model" they managed to help out only 800. Signac died from a serious infection, leaving the widow with a one-year-old child in her arms (alas, he also the same infection), besides being in position. And in 1900, the artist's family sold the now famous painting “Circus” for 500 francs, and the drawings went for 10 francs apiece.

Some works were donated, with the consent of the family, to friends, artists - neo-impressionists. And they, Felix Pheneon, Maximilian Luce and Paul Signac, conducted the first “attribution” of the paintings, marking the work of Signac's authorship in his workshop. The artist never put a signature! Only points. Or rather - dots ...