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Anniversary retrospective of Lev Bakst opened in Moscow

In the State Museum of Fine Arts named after A.S. Pushkin opened a large-scale retrospective exhibition of Lev Samoilovich Bakst, dedicated to the 150th anniversary of the artist's birth. About two hundred and fifty works of painting, graphics, photographs, archival documents, rare books, as well as stage costumes and sketches for fabrics are brought together and presented to the demanding metropolitan public.The exhibition “Lev Bakst / Léon Bakst. By the 150th anniversary of his birth, he pays tribute to the rich and diverse work of one of the most original and outstanding artists of the early twentieth century.
The exhibition moved to the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts. Pushkin from the Russian Museum in St. Petersburg in just one week; at the same time, the number of presented exhibits was expanded and expanded, including items from the collections of the Pompidou Center (Paris) and the Victoria and Albert Museum (London).Curtain "Elysium", created by the artist for the Vera Komissarzhevskaya Theater. Photo report above - kudamoscow.ru, photos from the opening of the exhibition below - from the official page of the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts. A.S.Pushkina on FacebookOn the hype at the exhibition of Lev Bakst, held in the Russian Museum - read in our material, which we accompanied by a special photo essay.
“... In love with old and eastern art, Lev Bakst combined the extravagance of modernity with a sense of proportion and common sense. This unique mixture of cultures and different eras brought him great success in Russia, Europe and America. When creating the exhibition, we had one point of prohibition - American meetings, very rich and necessary for this project. Unfortunately ... we can not cooperate with American museums. I hope everything will change soon. We already have ideas on how to make Bakst exhibitions in large European museums that can take American things. Thus, we will enrich the idea of ​​our favorite artist, ”said the director of the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts. Pushkina Marina Marina - this is a view of the landscape, which depicts the sea. Also, marines are concrete paintings or sea engravings. The word "marina" (ital. Marina) is derived from the Latin marinus - marine. Read more Loshak (it is in the photo below).Ancient horror Lev Samoilovich Bakst (Leon Bakst) 1908, 250 × 270 cm Lev Samoilovich Bakst, in the West known as Leon Bakst, is famous, first of all, for his impressive projects for the Russian seasons of Sergey Dyagilev in Paris and London. Its unusual and dynamic scenery and costumes ensured the success of such legendary productions as Cleopatra, Scheherazade, The Blue God and The Sleeping Princess, and influenced the general idea of ​​stage design.Portrait of Sergei Pavlovich Dyagilev with a Nanny Lev Samoilovich Bakst (Leon Bakst) 1906, 161 × 116 cm ““ Success? Triumph? - these words do not say anything and do not convey that enthusiasm, that sacred fire and sacred delirium that enveloped the entire auditorium ”.
Theatrical era of Leon Bakst has begun. Paris is intoxicated with them. Contemporaries said that to be Bakst is to be a Parisian. He is worshiped. Each presentation to which he puts his hand becomes an event.
Marcel Proust writes: “... Tell Bakst that I am magically surprised, not knowing anything more beautiful than Scheherazade” ... In fact, Bakst made a revolution not in the Russian, and not in the Paris theater, but in world theater art.
... To some extent, "Russian Seasons" made Bakst. Their relations with Dyagilev were not cloudless, but they gave each other a lot like professionals. "Lev Bakst in his work considered ballet, opera and drama as synthetic artistic constructions in which color, sound, word and movement are equal partners. The artist collaborated with such prominent MPresario, artists, musicians, dancers and writers like Sergey Dygilev, Vaclav Nijinsky, Igor Stravinsky, Alexander Benois, Claude Debussy, Ida Rubinstein, Isadora Duncan, Gabriel d'Annunzio.Sketch of a Boeotiana costume for N. N. Cherepnin's ballet "Narcissus" Lev Samoilovich Bakst (Leon Bakst) 1911, 50 × 40 cmBakst radically changed the way an artist lived on stage, releasing the energy of his movement and creating an organic connection between the front stage and the auditorium. He departs from the classic tutu and a strict corset, dressing the actors in flowing fine fabrics decorated with bold patterns, saturates the scene with color. The exhibition uses multimedia technologies: in the depths of the White Hall, Tamara Karsavina is “dancing” in a very real round stage.Cleopatra costume design for Ida Rubinstein for the ballet "Cleopatra" to music by A. S. Arensky Lev Samoilovich Bakst (Leon Bakst) 1909, 28 × 21 cm“... at the opening ceremony, the capsular collection of Italian designer Antonio Marras, the creator of the brand name Antonio Marras, in the past - the creative director of the Kenzo fashion house, was presented. A unique collection of dresses was created based on drawings and theatrical sketches of Bakst ... "- noted in one of the reports from the opening of the exhibition.
photo - kudamoscow.ruThe St. Petersburg State Museum of Theatrical and Musical Art provided four costumes: a Japanese doll for Vera Trefilova for the ballet Fairy Dolls, costumes for the ballets Cleopatra, Carnival, Daphnis and Chloe. Famous Russian fashion historian Alexander Vasilyev provided for the exhibition more than 10 exhibits from his collection, including fashionable dresses from the 1910-1920s and theatrical costumes for the ballets Tamara, Scheherazade, Sleeping Princess.

The Museum of the Academy of Russian Ballet named after A. Ya. Vaganova will show the famous costume of Vatslav Nijinsky in the part of the Rose Ghost. The ballet was first staged by Sergei Dygelev’s Russian Ballet on April 19, 1911 in the Garnier Hall (Monte Carlo) as part of Dyagilev's famous Russian Seasons. Nijinsky's suit was embroidered with silk petals the color of a faded rose; dancer fans dreamed of getting at least one such petal as a keepsake.
Photo: premiere of the ballet "The Ghost of the Rose" ("Vision of the Rose") performed by Vaclav Nijinsky.

Do not forget to visit the building of the Department of Personal Collections of the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts - there are two more exhibition halls where you can see the book illustrations and letters of the artist, as well as several paintings. The unexpected is the work of the artist to Gogol's Nose. Here is the painting “Meeting of Admiral Fyodor Karlovich Avelan in Paris on October 5, 1893”, on which Bakst worked for six years. The picture was commissioned to Bakst by Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich Romanov on the occasion of the conclusion of a union between Russia and the Third French Republic in 1891. Ingeniously built composition immerses the viewer in the thick of things.Lev Bakst. "The meeting of Admiral Fyodor Karlovich Avelan in Paris on October 5, 1893." Despite the fact that the main focus of the exhibition is on theater costumes and sketches of the design of performances, painting and graphics are also presented quite widely - from the portrait of Sergei Dyagilev to the famous painting "Dinner ”, Which depicts the wife of the founder of the“ World of Art ”Alexander Benoit. Here and the famous portrait Portrait - a realistic genre, depicting the actual person or group of people. The portrait - in the French reading - portrait, from the old French portraire - "reproduce something line in line." Another facet of the name of the portrait lies in the outdated word "parsuna" - from the Latin. persona - "person; person". Read more Zinaida Hippius in a man's suit, portrait Portrait is a realistic genre depicting a person or a group of people. The portrait - in the French reading - portrait, from the old French portraire - "reproduce something line in line." Another facet of the name of the portrait lies in the outdated word "parsuna" - from the Latin. persona - "person; person". Read more on the artist’s wife, Pavel Tretyakov’s daughter, Lyubov Pavlovna Gritsenko, and the sad picture “Vase” written before the spouses divorce. The curators have tried to reflect all the facets of the talent of the great artist, and perhaps they succeeded brilliantly.SupperLevel Samoylovich Bakst (Leon Bakst) 1902, 150 × 100 cmVazaLev Samoilovich Bakst (Leon Bakst) 1906, 113 × 71 cmPortrait of the writer Zinaida Nikolaevna GippiusLev Bakoi Samoilovich (Leon Bakst) 1906, 54 × 44 cm

The exhibition exhibits the rarest work of Lev Bakst - one of a series of panels ordered by the newlyweds James and Dorothy de Rothschild in their wedding year in 1913 to decorate a London mansion. Seventy years, the paintings were unknown to the general public and not readily available for study even by specialists. The heroes of the series are relatives and friends of customers, as well as themselves. This is the portrait gallery of Europe's high society - there are politicians, diplomats, bankers, collectors. Created after the fairytale “Sleeping Beauty”, these panels from 1930 to 1991 were placed in the house of James and Dorothy de Rothschild in London on St. James Place, 23.
After the death of Dorothy de Rothschild in 1988, canvases, in the will of her husband, were donated to the Museum of Tel Aviv. But the heir of James and Dorothy - Lord Jacob Rothschild - bought the series of Bakst. The canvases were deposited in the palace-museum “Waddesdon. The Rothschild Collection ”(Buckingampshire, UK), where they have been available for viewing since 1993.
The exhibition at the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts presents panel number VII: "The handsome prince awakens the princess with a kiss." 1922. Oil on canvas. 212.2 × 84.

A large educational program has been prepared for the exhibition. Every Tuesday, in the Main Colonnade of the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, visitors will receive lectures on the life and work of Lev Bakst. The beginning was put by the lecture by the curator of the exhibition John Boult, the director of the Institute of Contemporary Russian Culture at the University of Southern California, USA. The next one in the schedule is a lecture - a master class by the costume designer of the Moscow Art Theater School Emilia Hertz “Stage costume: what for ... for whom ... what for ... how ...”. Schedule will be updated, stay tuned! The meeting starts at 19:00.The exhibition “Lev Bakst / Léon Bakst. To the 150th anniversary of the birth "in the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts. Pushkin will work until September 4. The exposition unfolded in the main building and in the Department of personal collections. Based on the press release of the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts. Pushkin.
Illustrations - page of the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts on the social network Facebook.
Title illustration: Lev Bakst, Sketch of the Costumes of the Boeotians for the Ballet by N. N. Cherepnin Narcissus, 1911.