News

In Kiev, show "Seven deadly sins": from Bosch and Bruegel to contemporaries

In 2016, the museums of the world celebrate the 500th anniversary of Bosch. And, although there are no originals of genius in Ukraine, the people of Kiev found a very elegant way out. During Lent, the Khanenko Museum presented an exhibition of engravings "The Seven Deadly Sins": museum workers combined the works of four modern graphs and an authentic engraving from 1558.The exhibition features works by Yuri Borovitsky, Oleg Denisenko, Roman Romanishin, Alexei Fedorenko from the collection of Andrey Solomenko. And - authentic, 1558, engraving by Mezzo-tinto (another name - “black style”) - the process of creating engravings on metal, belonging to the group of intaglio printing techniques. At the same time, in contrast to etching, here the image is formed not by lines, but by fine gradations of light and shadow. Hence the name, translated from Italian meaning "halftones". The master does not create indentations - lines and points - and smoothes the light areas on the rough surface of the board. Read more The process of creating an aquatint is similar to etching, but this technique makes it possible to obtain rich tonal and textural effects, similar to a water-color pattern — watercolor (hence the name aquatint). The popularity of this type of intaglio printing, which appeared at the end of the XVIII century, is connected with this. Read more Lithography along with monotype belongs to the group of techniques of flat printing, but this is where their similarity almost ends. Lithograph appeared in 1796 or 1798, thanks to Johann Alois Senefelder, a typographer from Munich. Initially, the imprint was taken from a drawing on a stone — usually limestone — slab, from which the name of this method came (from other Greek meaning λθος "stone" + γράφω "writing, drawing"). Now, instead of a lithographic stone, zinc or aluminum plates are used, which are easier to process. Read further The Anger, which Pieter Bruegel the Elder created under the impression of Bosch's picture. This is the only leaf of the famous series in Ukraine. The initiator of the exhibition was Andrei Solomenko.Peter Bruegel the Elder (1525−1569), the Seven Deadly Sins (1556 - 1557), wood engravings,
Netherlands, workshop I. Coc. Grav. Peter van der Heyden, 1558
WELLNESS, ANGER, SWEET, LAZY, EXTINCTION, SHOWRENCE (SADNESS), ENVY (Superbia, Ira, Luxuria, Acedia, Gula, Avaritia, Invidia). Unlike the plots, Bosch Bruegel depicted hell as a certain “city of sins”, where each of them corresponds to a “quarter” with its landscape, architecture, its absurd, but detailed “life”. According to the head of the European graphics department, the curator of “Seven Deadly Sins »Elena Shostak, this is the second project of the museum, aimed at studying the refraction of the traditions of classical painting in the works of our contemporaries. Previous hanenkovtsy represented last year. And he was dedicated (who is not without sin?) Tarot cards.Seven Deadly Sins and Four Last Things. The central part of Hieronymus Bosch1485In order for the viewer not to be confused in the complex symbolism of medieval painting (in engraving from a drawing by Pieter Bruegel the Elder, traditional symbols, which are typical of the artist’s work in general, are also intertwined with children's proverbs and political satire relevant to the times of the Netherlands for independence), the khanenkovtsy compiled a real “guide-guide” with the interpretation of the meaning of different images. For more information about Hieronymus Bosch, see “Arthive”. We also wrote about how the world is going to celebrate the Year of Hieronymus Bosch. Please see here.Graphics Monotype belongs to the group of flat printing techniques. Unlike other prints, which allow you to make a lot of impressions from one form, here you get only one image (hence the "mono" - "one" - in the title). Most often monotypes are used by illustrators of children's books. It is also popular with psychologists (to ascertain the inner state of a person) and teachers (for the development of imagination in children). Read more Collagraphy - a relatively new type of embossed printing. It was invented in the middle of the 20th century and combines environmental friendliness, ease of execution, richness of textures and plastics, and, moreover, it is well combined with other graphic manners (for example, "dry needle"). The printed matrix is ​​a collage (hence the name combining the words "collage" and "graph") and is created by sticking various materials — fabrics, plastic, sand, plants, and so on — to a wooden or cardboard base using various pastes. Read more In the second half of the 15th century, woodcuts began to crowd out an engraving on metal or intalo. The term is derived from the Italian intagliare, meaning "cut, incline, cut through." Unlike woodcuts, where the protruding portions of the matrix are imprinted on paper, here visible traces are left by grooves containing ink. Therefore, metal engraving belongs to the group of intaglio printing techniques. Read more Roman Romanishin (“Pride”) Our contemporary graphic artists, each of whom is the author of his own cycle “Seven Sins,” have much greater freedom of creative expression than medieval counterparts. We can say that each of them is a reformer, like Bosch and Bruegel once did. However, the absence of taboos and frameworks, as well as “quotationalities”, are almost the main criteria for postmodernism ...
One of the world's most famous graphs of the post-Soviet countries, St. Petersburg-based Yuri Borovitsky, creates a rare mezzotint Mezzotint (another name is black style), a process of creating engravings on metal that belongs to the group of intaglio printing techniques. At the same time, in contrast to etching, here the image is formed not by lines, but by fine gradations of light and shadow. Hence the name, translated from Italian meaning "halftones". The master does not create indentations - lines and points - and smoothes the light areas on the rough surface of the board. Read more . Oleg Denisenko is clearly passionate about gothic. And Roman Romanyshyn works with color. In general, having become acquainted with the “sinful” cycle of different authors at the exhibition, I would like to see more of their work, - well, artists ’online resources are easily accessible. Frankly, we have stayed for a long time on the sites of the last two (of the mentioned) masters!
Another well-known graph from Lvov, far outside Ukraine, Oleg Denisenko, loves to depict knights more than anything else in the world. In the form of a “miserly knight”, the artist depicts the sin of greed (avarice) - Avaritia. As the saying goes, “Avaritiam neque copia, neque inopia minuit” - “Neither wealth, nor poverty reduce greed”).The style of Yuri Borovitsky is not to be confused with anyone else, you should at least once see his work. This photo is one of the last works of the master, “The Patron and His Servant”. 2016. 15 × 13 cm. Mezzotinto, dry needle. The illustration we borrowed it from the artist’s personal page on Facebook.

Traditional contemporaries for medieval painting are obviously not enough. But the deadly sins of 500 years in the works of graphic artists and painters have not changed. All the same pride (vanity), greed, envy, anger, lust, gluttony, laziness or despondency rule the human world.
Gluttony in the interpretation of the Kiev graphic artist Alexei Fedorenko.

Envy - the point of view of Roman Romanyshyn (Lviv) Well, Lent and the following Easter is the best time to think about your life, about good and evil, and try to become at least a little more perfect again. However, there is one more point of view on the “philosophy” of sin. Already in the twentieth century, Soren Kierkegaard wrote about it: if you do not sin, you will not repent (that is, if in brief). You should not lose heart, even when something in life goes "wrong." After all, even mistakes - perhaps just another road to heaven.
The cactus of anger in the heart of one and the thorn lives, and the other blooms a beautiful flower. The main thing is to “fertilize" in time all that good that is surely present in every human heart.The exhibition is open until May 15, 2016. Alexey Fedorenko (Kiev), "Laziness", "Envy".
The article uses materials from the sites //day.kyiv.ua and //www.gnozis.info.