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Retrospective Renoir in Tokyo hits attendance records

Look at the masterpieces of Pierre-Auguste Renoir from the collections of the Orsay Museum and the Museum of Greenhouses, exhibited at the National Center for the Arts in Tokyo, have already arrived more than half a million people. No wonder, because the world-famous pearls of impressionism were brought to the Land of the Rising Sun for the first time - and as soon as Paris broke up with them ?! Truly, the chance to visit such an exhibition falls only once in a lifetime.They brought to Japan the picture “Ball in Moulin de la Galette” and “Bathers”, painted at the sunset of the artist’s career. And the famous paintings “Country Dance” and “City Dance” were last seen in the Japanese capital 45 years ago.
  • Pierre Auguste Renoir, "Country Dance" (1883)
  • Pierre Auguste Renoir, "Urban Dance" (1883)
In addition to oil paintings in Tokyo, there are sculptures, drawings, pastels - more than a hundred exhibits in general - as well as rare contextual materials that tell about the fascinating life and genius of the French artist. "Chapters" of the exhibition. Each one represents the artist’s favorite genres and themes — portraits, landscapes, genre scenes, children, flowers, naked women, and so on. At the same time, there is a change in the artistic language of the master - from innovative experiments in impressionism back to the traditions of classical painting and the subsequent merging of these styles.English Pear Pierre Auguste Renoir1873, 66.5 × 81.5 cmU Renoir had a special relationship with landscapes, a quarter of the paintings painted in the 1870s belong to this genre. Although the artist finished the details in the studio, he believed that nature should be written only in the open air. “Outdoors you use colors that you could not conceive in the muffled light of the workshop ... Landscape painting is ungrateful work. The weather is constantly changing, so you can finish only one picture out of ten, ”he complained. But despite this, the painter never gave up in the "struggle with nature."The path in the high grassPierre Auguste Renoir1877, 60 × 74 cm The central picture of the exposition, “The Ball at the Moulin de la Galette”, is in the fourth “chapter”, which is called “The Artist of Modern Life”. This section begins with images of gardens in Montmartre and people relaxing on the banks of the Seine in the suburbs of Paris. Such canvases, as well as several works by contemporary painters, help viewers to better understand the masterpiece.Moulin de la Galette Pierre Auguste Renoir's Ball 1876, 175 × 131 cm The Moulin de la Galette is a ballroom opened in 1855 at the site of two moulins windmills demolished by that time on top of the Montmartre hill. The institution received the second part of the name in honor of the popular pastry made from flour and milk. On Sundays, balls were held there in the garden from three o'clock in the afternoon until midnight. One of them organized Renoir himself - to raise money for the nursery, where local working mothers could leave their children during the daytime.
Renoir wrote the picture throughout the summer of 1876, and his models were friends and local girls. For example, on the bench in the center sits a seamstress named Estel, and behind her stands her elder sister, Jeanne, leaning forward. The artist captured this woman also in the painting “Swing”, which is posted in the same “chapter” of the exhibition.
  • Pierre Auguste Renoir, a fragment of the painting "Ball in Moulin de la Galette" (portrait of Margot Legrand)
  • Pierre Auguste Renoir, a fragment of the painting "Ball in Moulin de la Galette" (portrait of Georges Riviera)
Margot, who dances in a peach-colored dress on the left side of the canvas, can also be seen in the portrait of The Girl Reading a Book. A young man in a straw booth in the right corner is a critic Georges Rivière, who defended impressionism. You probably know a lot about impressionism: you will call the names of leading artists, and you will easily find a hall in the museum where the water surface flickers and the same motif is written in different times of day, and for sure about the scandal at the first exhibition, remember, and even Monet from Manet distinguish. So, it's time to move on to the next level: everything else you wanted to learn about impressionism. Read further and lavished praise on the picture. “This is a history page, a monument to Parisian life, depicted with scrupulous accuracy. Nobody, before Renoir, intended to capture this side of everyday life on such a large canvas, ”he wrote.Renoir's painting “Ball in Moulin de la Galette” in the hall of the National Center for the Arts in Tokyo. Photos from the official page of the Orsay Museum on Facebook. Other interesting facts about Renoir’s Moulin de la Galette ball are available here.SwingPierre Auguste Renoir1876, 92 × 73 cmA separate "chapter" of the exposition in Tokyo is dedicated to another masterpiece with a curious story - the canvas "The Girls at the Piano", reflecting Renoir's passion for music. This is the first impressionist painting that the Luxembourg Museum bought in 1892. The artist made six versions of the canvas, one of which was chosen by the director of the institution. Now the work belongs to the Museum Orsay.Two girls at the piano Pierre Auguste Renoir1892, 116 × 90 cm “Bathers”, who, along with the “Ball in Moulin de la Galette” debuted in Japan, are in the final “chapter” of the exhibition. It is called "One of the indispensable forms of art" and is a collection of works in the style of NN - a genre of art, the focus of which is the aesthetics of the naked human body. The name of the genre - nude - short for the French word nudité - "nudity, nakedness". Read more .BathersPierre Auguste Renoir1918, 110 × 160 cmRenoir wrote a significant amount of “nudity” in the 1860s, in the first decade of his career. Then he lost interest in this subject and returned to it already in the 1880s, calling it "one of the necessary forms of art." His images of naked women can compete with the works of artists such as Raphael, Titian and Rubens. According to art dealer Ambroise Vollard, the only thing that the artist wanted from his models was that “their skin completely captures the sunlight”.Renoir's Masterpieces "Reclining Nude (Gabriel)" (1906) and "Nude on Pillows" (1907) in the hall of the National Center for the Arts in Tokyo. Photos from the official page of the Orsay Museum on Facebook. Renoir's retrospective at the National Center for the Arts in Tokyo ends August 22.