DL Sigalov, who was very fond of theatrical art.
“The exhibition presents works created after the eight works of Shakespeare. Among them are such famous plays as “Richard III”, “Romeo and Juliet”, “Much Ado About Nothing”, “Macbeth”, “Antonio and Cleopatra” and “The Merchant of Venice” - begins a short tour of the exhibition curated by Natalia E. Ageeva, leading researcher at the Kiev Museum of Russian Art.
Shakespeare and theatrical artThe play “The Venetian Merchant” was almost never staged in the domestic art of the first half of the twentieth century. Its performance at the Bolshoi Drama Theater in 1920 is considered unique. The director and designer of this play was Alexander Benoit.
St. Petersburg is called the Venice of the North, and when, after the revolution and the civil war in a ruined, hungry Petrograd, the audience saw the performance with amazing, luxurious decorations of magnificent Venice - a sharp contrast made a great impression!
Interestingly, this play was staged in Kiev for the first time in 1913 at the Solovtsov Theater. The next time the people of Kiev saw this production in the “Young Theater” only in 2010. It was called "Satisfaction".
A. Benoit "The retinue of the Moroccan prince", 1920. Costume design for the production of William the Merchant by William Shakespeare. Paper, watercolor. The play was rarely staged because of the “national question”, which was always carefully treated. The main character of the play is a Jew, a usurer Shylock. On the sketch of Benoit we see Shylock and his servant. The scenery most likely depicts the island of Giudecca, separated from Venice by the Grand Canal. Since the end of the 12th century, Jews settled on the island, they were allowed to engage in usury and trade. In general, this play raises very pressing, modern and subtle issues. The Venetian merchant Antonio, who borrows money from Shylock, accuses him and at the same time the whole nation of acquisitiveness, and Shylock quite rightly answers: "What is the Jewish Jews worse than Christians, who have legalized slavery?"A. Benoit "Street in Venice". Sketch of the scenery for the tragedy of William Shakespeare "The Merchant of Venice", 1920, paper, ink, pen, watercolor by Nikolay Sapunov "Two drunk in costumes of the XVII century" is not directly connected with the theater. Sapunov was a wonderful theater artist. He joined the theater, while still a student of the Moscow Art School, and participated in the design of all school performances. In the early 1900s, together with Korovin, he worked at the Mamontov operatic enterprise at the Hermitage Theater in Moscow, and later with outstanding directors Meyerhold and Komissarzhevsky. And although Shakespeare was not in the master’s creative biography, Shakespeare inspired him. Sapunov created this easel piece based on the comedy “Much Ado About Nothing,” in which plastic reveals emotions, sensations, moods. Read also: Shakespeare. Top 10 artists who illustrated the English genius: from realism to primitivismN. Sapunov “Two Drunk in Costumes of the 17th Century”, 1900s Based on the W. Shakespeare comedy "Much Ado About Nothing." Paper, gouache 1935 was a significant year for Alexander Tyshler. This year he made two productions of Shakespeare - "King Lear" and "Richard III" - and since then the artist has not parted with Shakespeare.
In 1935, the production of "Richard III" was being prepared at the Bolshoi Drama Theater of Petrograd. Tyshler carefully read the text of the play and "searched" for the image of the main character. The most important thing for him was to “grope” the character of the character. As a result of his search, the artist displays the formula of the character - the murderous philosopher. Tyshler perceived Richard III not an ordinary criminal, hungry for power, but an extraordinarily capable man, but with a minus sign.
The drawing by Tyshler is not just a sketch of the costume, but really the development of the smallest character traits. I look at the drawing, you literally feel the movements of the hero, and the vibrating red tone of the sketch is consonant with the color of blood.
A.Tyshler "Richard III", 1935. Costume design for the tragedy of William Shakespeare "Richard III". Paper, watercolor, ink, gouache
Konstantin Rudakov, one of the brightest graphs of the first half of the 20th century, worked on costumes and decorations.
The artist approached the task in an unconventional way and created not only costumes, but also portraits of the characters of this play. Compositionally, they are very reminiscent of Italian, Spanish and French portraits of the XVI-XVII centuries. Presumably, this figure depicts the positive hero of the play - Antonio, brother of Leonardo, the governor of Messina.
The staging did not take place in besieged Leningrad, and these portraits lead independent lives.
K. Rudakov "Costume Design for William Shakespeare's Comedy" Much Ado About Nothing ", 1943, paper, watercolor, gouache
Shakespeare and book illustrationMikhail Pikov is a versatile gifted artist, he was fond of astronomy, studied music, was very fond of ancient authors, oriental writers. He knew the ancient world perfectly, so it was not by chance that, turning to the works of Shakespeare, he chose the tragedy “Antonio and Cleopatra”.M.Pikov “Illustration to the tragedy of William Shakespeare“ Anthony and Cleopatra ”, 1943 In the 19th century, many people did not like this Shakespeare play much, and the plot was told not without irony.
The son of Victor Hugo did it in two words: they say, this is a story about a mota who fell in love with a courtesan, squandered his whole fortune and decided to marry a rich man. No sooner had the wedding ceremony ended, he returned to the courtesan to squander his fortune again. Wife could not stand it - turned to his brother, he called him to a duel, the mot died, and the courtesan also decided to commit suicide.
Bernard Shaw also did not really appreciate this play and wrote his wonderful version of “Antonio and Cleopatra”.
Fyodor Konstantinov (1910 - 1997) created his famous illustrations for Romeo and Juliet in 1943 in the Moscow region. Almost half starve, he promptly completed work on a cycle of engravings. For these works, he was presented to the State Prize, but the prize was not given to him, they said "too young."
Romeo and Juliet, one of Shakespeare's favorite plays, attracted the artist's romantic nature. Contemporaries Konstantinov said that the artist and the main character are in many ways similar - they are both honest, open, and loving justice.
F. Konstantinov “Duel (Romeo and Tybalt)”, 1943. Illustration to the tragedy of W. Shakespeare "Romeo and Juliet", paper, woodcut