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The unexpected passion of Edgar Degas is revealed at a special exhibition.

Edgar Degas is known throughout the world primarily for his passion for dancers and laundresses. However, he was fascinated by another aspect of Parisian life — haute couture hats and craftswomen who created them. St. Louis Art Museum in the US state of Missouri sheds light on this facet of the French artist at the exhibition "Degas, impressionism and ladies' hats in Paris."The exposition consists of 40 hats of that period, as well as 60 paintings and pastels by Pierre Auguste Renoir, Edouard Manet, Mary Cassatt, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec and, of course, Degas himself. Some of them have not yet been exhibited in the United States.The modistEdgar Degas1885, 61.6 × 73.7 cm

Edgar Degas (1834–1917), who chose expensive clothes and fine hats for himself, “did not hesitate to come into ecstasy in front of the fashion shop”, wrote the artist’s friend Paul Gauguin. Nevertheless, despite the fact that the theme of headdresses was an important moment in the creative heritage of Degas, very little attention has been paid to its place in impressionistic iconography so far.
“Displaced compositions, figures cut off by the edge of the canvas, unexpected objects, cutting and obscuring the main characters, as if by chance caught, reportage moments. Edgar Degas, in all his favorite subjects, sought and wrote, first of all, the movement ... ”, - read about the peculiarities of the artist’s work here.
Left: Edgar Degas, "Self-Portrait in a Soft Hat" (1858)

The exhibition “Degas, impressionism” You probably know a lot about impressionism: you will call the names of leading artists, and you will easily find a hall in the museum where the water surface flickers and the same motif is written at different times of the day, and you will remember the scandal at the first exhibition , and even Monet from Mane distinguish. So, it's time to move on to the next level: everything else you wanted to learn about impressionism. Read further and ladies' hats in Paris "- this is the first of its kind study of the works of the Impressionists, reflecting the whole scope of the" hat business "in the main city of France from about 1875 to 1914. At that time, about a thousand fashion women worked in the fashionable capital of the world. One of the writers called them "aristocrats among the toilers of Paris."Edistar Degas1898, 75.2 × 81.9 cm modest décor The Edgar Degas “Modest” painting, which the St. Louis Museum acquired ten years ago (see illustration above), was a good point of the exhibition. It depicts two women in white aprons adorning a straw hat. The one on the right holds feathers and flowers, and the second holds them to the headgear.
In earlier works, the American artist Mary Cassat posed for Degas, but on this canvas his models were vague and generalized.Paris, AvrЖan street Bero 1882, 35.2 × 27.3 cm However, the painting was “face” of the exhibition by Degas - “Ladies' Shop” from the collection of the Art Institute of Chicago. This canvas is perhaps the most ambitious statement of the artist on the "hat" theme. At first glance, a young woman is a craftswoman who inspects the work of her hands. This is indicated, for example, by pursed lips, in which she seems to hold a pin. But, on the other hand, it can also be a client who chooses a headdress for herself, since she has an expensive dress with fur trim and kid gloves. X-ray study showed that Degas originally depicted a customer, but later removed some of the details that could be used defineLadies' shopEdgar Degas1885, 99 × 109 cmOther paintings and drawings for the exhibition “Degas, Impressionism” You probably know a lot about impressionism: you will call the names of leading artists in the museum, and you will easily find a hall in the museum where the water surface flickers and the same motif is written in different times of day, and for sure about the scandal at the first exhibition, remember, and even Monet from Manet distinguish. So, it's time to move on to the next level: everything else you wanted to learn about impressionism. Read further and ladies' hats in Paris ”were sent by private collectors and major US museums, as well as the Kurto Art Institute (London), the New Glyptotek Carlsberg (Copenhagen), the Orsay Museum (Paris), the Art Gallery of Ontario, and other institutions in Europe and America.
  • Mary Cassatt, "Young Woman in Black. Portrait Portrait - a realistic genre depicting an actual person or group of people. Portrait - in French reading - portrait, from old French portraire -" reproduce something feature in the dash. "Another face of the name portrait is covered in the obsolete word "parsuna" - from the Latin person. - person; person ". Read more Madame J." (1873)
  • Berthe Morisot, "The Girl on the Grass. Mademoiselle Isabel Lambert" (1885)
“This exhibition highlights many aspects of our vast collection, which includes not only beautiful paintings and drawings by French Impressionists, but also exquisite hats from the same period,” said Max Hollein, director of the San Francisco Museum of Fine Arts, who co-organized the exhibition. - At the opening day presents a very important look at the work of Degas, not only in artistic, but also in socio-historical context. For many, this will be a revelation! ”Pierre Auguste Renoir, "The Moderator" (1877); Metropolitan Museum. Like Degas, Renoir portrayed women in the late 1870s and 1880s. But if the first one found humor in the very process of buying hats, the second one paid more attention to the charm of young masters

The exhibition presents not only paintings and drawings, but also hats of the time. They demonstrate how the greatest fashion mistresses of the era — such as Carolyn Rabu, Madame Georgette and Jeanne Lanwen — approached the design and mastered the materials perfectly.
Left: Madame Georgette's woman's hat (c. 1910); black lace and artificial flowers on a wire frame. Collection of Philadelphia Museum of Art

The exhibition “Degas, impressionism” You probably know a lot about impressionism: you will call the names of leading artists, and you will easily find a hall in the museum where the water surface flickers and the same motif is written at different times of the day, and you will remember the scandal at the first exhibition , and even Monet from Mane distinguish. So, it's time to move on to the next level: everything else you wanted to learn about impressionism. Read more and ladies' hats in Paris "in the St. Louis Art Museum will run until May 7. And already on June 24, it will open for visitors in the Palace of the Legion of Honor in San Francisco. More works with women of fashion and hats are in our special selectionA woman with a hat in the hands of Edgar Degas1885, 48.9 × 63.8 cmAccording to the official website of the St. Louis Art Museum, artdaily.com and several other sources