Anniversary exhibition dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the birth of Tatyana Yablonskaya opened in Kiev

A large-scale retrospective exhibition dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the birth of Tatyana Yablonskaya has opened at the National Art Museum of Ukraine. The public was presented with more than a hundred paintings and graphic works from the museum's collection and the artist's family collection, archival materials and photographs.At the opening of the exhibition, the daughter of the artist Gayane Atayan reported on a new book that will be released by the Rodovid publishing house - “Tatyana Yablonskaya: diaries, memories, reflections”. At the celebration there was also a presentation of a new stamp issued by the “Ukrainian Post” in honor of the significant anniversary.Julia Litvinets - Director of the National Art Museum of Ukraine and Gayane Atayan at the opening of the exhibition “The works of the artist have not lost their significance due to the consistent development of the so-called“ eternal themes ”. The exhibition “Both memoirs and dreams” is an attempt to reflect the intense dialogue between Tatiana Yablonskaya and the classics of the past and the present ”, the exhibition curator Oksana Barshinova.Self-portrait in Ukrainian costumeTatyana Nilovna Yablonskaya1946, 64 × 54 cmThe title of the exhibition “Both Memories and Dreams” was suggested by the painting Life Goes On, which the artist loved very much. Tatiana Yablonskaya, traveling across Ukraine, saw this scene in one village: an old man sat on a bench in front of the house, lost in memories of the past, and next to a young woman with a baby in her arms, dreaming of the future.

Life goes onTatyana Nilovna Yablonskaya1970The exhibition is conventionally divided into thematic sections. In the center of attention - the artist's work on the works "Bread", "Flax", "Youth", "At the start". The exhibition tells about the artist's travels to Italy, Armenia, Transcarpathia, Sednev; passion for folklore and folk art; presents a series of pastels in recent years. Photos and materials from the family archive of Tatiana Yablonskaya, provided by the Gayane Atayan Museum, accompany the retrospective. In our review - a few strokes to the portrait of the artist and excerpts from her diaries.

“Each new period in the artist’s long creative biography is never equal to the previous one. And in each new acquired artistic truth, Yablonskaya remains extremely sincere: inspired by the post-war revival of the country, writes life-affirming huge canvases as part of social realism, in search of new pictorial truth is fascinated by decorative Ukrainian folk motifs, having been in Italy, balances coloristic and imaginative decisions under the impression of the venement of the bearers of the venement of the venement of the year and the year. , acquires a special vision and learns to find all the main meanings of the world, looking at the world from the same window ... ”- read the sequel bi graphy artist.

Gold of autumnTatyana Nilovna Yablonskaya1994In the spring. StudyTatyana Nilovna Yablonskaya1981 “I love this workshop very much. She is in a happy place. You will only enter it, look at the tall windows on the ancient Kiev hills, - you forget all the everyday sorrows and you are filled with a feeling of peace and harmony with the world around you ”, - Tatyana Yablonskaya.Winter in old KievTatyana Nilovna Yablonskaya1976 “... I like to work in these walls. From the windows the facade of my native institute looks at me, which I still can’t get used to calling the Academy, as it has now been renamed. So time flies quickly ... Since then, more than twenty years have flown by ... It’s impossible to imagine how happy I was when Galina Nikiforovna Kalchenko, who was then the chairman of the Kiev branch of S. Kh. Ukraine, gave me a workshop after Shovkunenko’s death! This building was built here, in the estate of the Art Institute, in the 30s. I was a student of this institute and with a sense of awe looked at the huge windows of the workshop where my teacher, Fedor Krichevsky, worked at that time. Later, after the war, she belonged to Aleksei Alekseevich Shovkunenko, whose assistant I was then at the institute. And I never hoped that someday I would look out of the same windows at the houses of old Kiev, at the cherished mountains. ”In April. My workshopTatyana Nilovna Yablonskaya1992Over the DnieperTatyana Nilovna Yablonskaya1954 “I painted the picture“ Bread ”with a full return, with a heart filled with love for these women, for grain, for the sun ...” - Tatyana Yablonskaya.Tatyana Yablonskaya is working on the picture “Bread”, 1949. After “Bread” Tatyana Yablonskaya could not write anything else in the remaining 56 years of her life - and still remain part of the history of Soviet painting. What it is - at 32 years old aspiring artist to become the winner of the State Prize. Stalin? It was the first after a long break the big picture of the artist, whose brilliant apprenticeship and promising career were interrupted by war for 4 years, and then for a few more years by a gradual return to peaceful life and painting ... (continuation of the description of the painting “Bread”)

Work "Bread" is stored in the Tretyakov Gallery, and the exhibition in Kiev presents sketches, sketches and sketches associated with the development of the plot.

Sketch for the painting "Bread" Tatyana Nilovna Yablonskaya1949

“While working on the painting“ Bread ”, I tried most of all to convey the ecstasy of life, convey the truth of life ... The combination of warm grain, blue skirts, white scarves and shirts created a pictorial game and, besides, just before“ Bread ”I wrote a picture„ Before the start “, at the same time she wrote“ In the Park “and still not completely forgot the picturesque discoveries of the Impressionists, which I rejected.”
T. Yablonskaya “A girl rolling up her sleeves. Study for the film "Bread", 1949

Before the startTatyana Nilovna Yablonskaya1947, 126 × 210 cm “I worked on the painting“ Lyon ”for four years. This is one of my best-earned and beloved works. ”“ From early childhood, the image of flax lived in my soul. And when I first saw the gentle blue waves of flax in the fields of Chernihiv region, and at the end of summer flax fields covered with wonderful carpets, I remembered the old song about flax, which my father sang in childhood, and the wonderful story about where the shirt came from ... ”Linen. StudyTatyana Nilovna Yablonskaya1975

“I started to travel with a sketchbook through all the linen fields near Sednev and write, write this beauty. I will not describe all the painful and, at the same time, intoxicating work on this picture. I also consider it unfinished. I would today begin to add it, and to compile it. But still, I achieved something - a single pictorial state of the entire canvas. This was new to me and very valuable, as it were. The complete fusion of man and nature in a single pictorial surface. Then the thought came to me that the spirituality of painting was precisely in its vibrating, vibrant, diverse-uniform surface. ”
T. Yablonskaya "Study for the painting" Lyon ", 1976, oil on canvas, NHMU

LenTatyana Nilovna Yablonskaya1977

The new stamp, released in honor of the 100th anniversary of Tatiana Yablonskaya’s birth, depicts the painting “Lyon”, for which the artist received the third State Prize. Work is stored in the Tretyakov Gallery.

In the autumn moglaTatyana Nilovna Yablonskaya1989, 91 × 91 cm “Once we set off to one of the Lely visits we wrote sketches for the dam, in the direction of Klochkov. What a spacious meadow there with a curly river, what charming grooves framed by sedge and airy! And here - such a gully - a tiny little lake, like a pocket mirror in the middle of a vast meadow.
When I was finishing writing, a young man approached from the sports camp, which was nearby, and interested — what did we find so interesting about this squalid little lake, went to the edge and began to carefully examine it. And so sharply, unexpectedly, a modern figure with a backpack behind her against the background of this mysterious ravine looked fresh, and I could not stand it and asked him to pose. He agreed with pleasure. And when I finished, I looked at the etude and said: “Or maybe the masterpiece will come out?”.Youth Tatiana Nilovna Yablonskaya 1969, 165 × 150 cm “I called the painting“ Youth ”. The hero is facing something mysterious, unknown, attractive. Before him is a dark lake and green distance, greens, which goes to the sky. The feeling of inviting uncertainty.SilenceTatyana Nilovna Yablonskaya1975 "What a pity that I did not keep diaries about traveling to Transcarpathia, about his wonderful artists ... I remember the stunning impression of their first group participation in our Ukrainian exhibition of 1945 ..." "... It was something so joyful, major, truly national in its spirit, that we, Kiev artists, were in full admiration. And they themselves, in comparison with us, who only survived the hard times of the war, were so elegant that it was impossible not to fall in love with them ... And the names are: Bokshay, Kotz, Manaylo, Boretsky, Gluck, Kontratovich, Sholtes ”.Together with the fatherTatyana Nilovna Yablonskaya1962T. Yablonskaya “Two”, 1964, paper on cardboard, temperature (from Latin temperare - mix paints) - paints based on natural (vegetable juice, casein, egg yolk) or synthetic (polymers) emulsions, which are made from dry pigments (natural or artificial). Tempera paints invented long before the oil. The tombs of the Egyptian pharaohs are decorated with patterns made with tempera. Not by chance it is called the most durable art material. Creators have been using it for 3 thousand years. In Russia, tempera was written until the 17th century. To read further, the collection of the artist’s family. The decorative period in the artist’s works. Passion for folklore.

“Once in a village in the Zhytomyr region, I saw an old, ingrained hut,“ Shevchenko times ”- they always talk about such huts. Near the hut sat the same old and lonely her mistress. She happily agreed to show her inside. I expected that it would be dark here too and was shocked when I saw the exact opposite - purely whitewashed walls were decorated with towels, bright colors from painted chips, bright paper fans. And all this - with a subtle decorative taste.
Hut shone with youth, was filled with joy. And in her - a lonely, blackened old woman. No, this is not a contradiction. The beauty of this house raised this grandmother tone, made it possible to live. Otherwise - death. Longing and death.
T. Yablonskaya “The Village Motive”, 1965, paper, pastel, collection of the artist’s family

SemyonTatyana Nilovna Yablonskaya1969, 90 × 75 cm “... I then thought, I still believe in this, that art is not a" superstructure ", it is the same" basis "as the means of material existence. Life is so complicated that it is impossible for man to endure it without beauty. ”

"... The thoughts that came to me in connection with this incident strengthened my belief that folk art is the basis for creativity."
T. Yablonskaya “Divchinka-pigeon”, 1964, paper, pastel, collection of the artist’s family

“... Then it seemed to me: what is brighter is better. Brightness of ordinary oil paints was not enough for me. As I was happy when I got the pink paint of incredible intensity in the printing house - Rodomin! ”SwansTatyana Nilovna Yablonskaya1966

“... Probably, this hobby was something good. After all, the passion was sincere. Probably the best works of this period are worth something. But, in general, as it seems to me now, that direction was wrong. It was a turn to the side, in search of a way out of a deaf corner, which the 50s brought me to. I forgot about the possibilities of painting and took the path of external decoration. This way is easier, more on the surface. ”
T. Yablonskaya “Young Mother”, 1964, paper, pastel, National Art Museum of Ukraine

SummerTatyana Nilovna Yablonskaya2005

“In 1999, the artist Yablonskaya was reborn. She was 83 years old - a classic age for finding a new vision and a new truth of life. The reason was completely sad: after the stroke, Tatyana Nilovna was in a wheelchair, her right hand was paralyzed, oil painting was completely inaccessible due to the required accuracy and physical strength. Then she learned to draw with her left and took up pastel. ” Read more about the series of pastels by the artist in the description of the works.
T. Yablonskaya "Self-portrait", 1995, the collection of the family of the artist

“I am happy in my limited space. I am optimistic about life, especially now, when some happy line of creativity has opened, I saw that it is possible to write what is around, to reproduce the world happy, a world that looks at me ”- Tatyana Yablonskaya.PlantTatyana Nilovna Yablonskaya2004The exhibition will run until April 23, 2017. Pictures of "Bread" and "Lyon" are not represented at the exhibition. Fragments from the diaries are translated from the Ukrainian language.