News

The exhibition of Peter the Ghana in honor of the 150th anniversary of the birth of the master takes place in Odessa

In the Odessa Art Museum is an exhibition of works by Peter Pavlovich Gansky (1867−1942), Odessa painter, member of the Association of South Russian artists, timed to the 150th anniversary of the artist. His fate is amazing: he studied in Hansky in Paris from Jerome, in Odessa he bought Bunins from his captivity, and later in France he became a monk. The history of finding the master's works by the museum is also incredible ...A significant collection of works by Peter Ghansky in the museum collection made it possible to celebrate the jubilee date of the first in Ukraine personal exhibition, which presents fifty works painted in oils, watercolors, pastels.
  • P. Ghana. "Rainbow over the lake"
  • P. Ghana. "Portre Kira Bystritskaya"
Peter of Ghana is sometimes called the “Odessa impressionist” - maybe because his works are written from life, and the artist’s fate is connected with France ... The work of Peter the Ghana, unfortunately, today is known only to a narrow circle of admirers of painting. In the museums of Ukraine there are few works of the artist. Although the artistic talent of Ghana was written in the newspapers in its time, yet it was not a vivid public character. And at the same time, his name was often mentioned along with famous Odessa masters - Kyriak Kostandi, Peter Nilus, Tit Dvornikov, Gerasim Golovkov. Works of Ghana willingly acquired at exhibitions by fans of his work and collectors. Many works are stored in private collections in Odessa and Kiev.A quarter of a century ago, art historians did not even know the exact dates of birth and death of the artist. However, the situation changed in 1994, when the Odessa Art Museum was visited by Peter Gansky’s nieces, Elena Pozdnyakova and Tatyana Zolotova. Here is what the chief custodian of OXM, Lyudmila Anatolyevna Eremina, who has been working at the museum for 40 years, said in an interview with “Arthive” about this visit:- Sometimes real miracles happen. In 1994, two elderly ladies came to the museum, as it turned out - they came from Tallinn. They asked to show the work of Peter the Ghana, and then they confessed that it was their uncle! I was very happy, because we didn’t even know his date of birth or death! The ladies sit down, open their handbag, and then there are his photos, documents ... It turns out that Peter the Great lived between Paris and Odessa. Brought to Odessa, so to speak, fresh air from Europe. In 1917 he once again came to Odessa to participate in the exhibition and here he was sentenced to death, the artist spent two years in prison. In 1919, when Denikin entered Odessa, Hansky was able to emigrate to France, where his sister lived, took the Catholic dignity and went to the monastery.Peter Gansky. "Brittany"- I began to correspond with his nieces, but they are elderly people and answered almost one letter a year. For 10 years, we gradually communicated in letters while I collected material, and as a result I published a book about Ghanaian. Of course, immediately sent her to Tallinn.

... On that memorable first visit to the museum, the artist’s niece presented 39 works of Ghana - small watercolor sketches from the Parisian period. 39 works in the treasury of the museum! And when I published the book, they went to our Ukrainian embassy in Tallinn and issued another 40 works by the artist to the museum. These were sketches painted in watercolor and oil in different years, as well as two large paintings: “Venice” and “Portrait of Sophia Pavlovna Bystritskaya, nee Hanska - artist's sister”.

“The donated paintings were in poor condition,” continues Lyudmila Anatolyevna, “so the museum has been restored, and two of them are on display in the halls of the museum. In 2004, we organized the exhibition The Paris Period of Ghana and Nilus. So justice was restored in relation to the forgotten names of talented Odessa citizens.
Fans of historical studies in the field of art can get acquainted with the section "Publications of OXM employees" on the museum page - here you can find articles and essays on the fate and work of famous and not very famous artists.The full interview of “Arthive” with the chief custodian of OHM Lyudmila Anatolyevna Eremina and her story about famous paintings from the museum collection read in our material.Among the ancestors of Peter the Ghana - Secretary of Cardinal de Richelieu, Stephen of Hans. Another ancestor, also Stephen, in 1725 accompanied the future queen to France, Maria Leschinskaya, the bride of Louis XV, the French king. After the end of military service, his son Nikolai Hansky settled in the Kherson province, founding Nikolayevka village with the resettlement of peasants from Poland, and later taking possession of the village of Petrovka. In Nikolaevka, Peter the Great was born. In 1870, the Ghanaian family moved to Odessa, where Peter graduated from a real school. He received his first art education in Elisavetgrad, then he was a free student of the Petersburg Academy of Arts (1885-1889).Peter Gansky. "Family estate in the village of Nikolaevka"Later, in Paris, Peter Hansky studied at the National High School of Fine Arts, in the workshop of Jean-Leon Gerome, a famous academician.In 1894, Peter Hansky became a member of the Association of South Russian artists. He paints landscapes, portraits, genre compositions. Ivan Bunin’s wife, Vera Nikolaevna, in his memoirs calls him “the first Russian impressionist”. Despite the fact that Peter Hansky spent a lot of time abroad, his work must be exhibited in the exhibitions TYuRH in Odessa and Nikolaev, Kharkov and Rostov-on-Don.The newspaper "Odessa sheet" writes in the summer of 1903: "... Gansky Peter Pavlovich is of medium height, blond, thin, nervous. He is very talented. Ghanaian - not scattered. His specialty is a Parisian woman in all cases of her colorful life. The rigor of the picture he took out of the workshop of Jerome (he was his student for some time). In winter and autumn he lives in Paris, he spends his summer at his father’s estate near Odessa, takes part in exhibitions of the TYuRH ... ".In 1917, during the October Revolution, Peter Gansky was in Odessa. The constant change of "authorities" led to that. that the artist was in prison, and his estate was looted. However, already in the summer of 1918 he was free - this is indicated by the diary of Vera Bunina - the wife of the poet and writer Ivan Bunin. She writes: “... But most often you manage to free from the Cheka for money. The release of the Ghanaian artist cost seventy thousand rubles. They traded for a long time ... ”Presumably, it was Bunin who bought Ghana from prison.

Sofia Pavlovna was born in Odessa on September 11, 1873, in 1991 she graduated from the Odessa Mariinsky Public Women's Gymnasium. She married Vladimir Pavlovich Bystritsky, a professional military aeronaut, and they had a daughter, Kira. The name of the staff captain Bystritsky was later immortalized in the name of one of the first Russian fighter jets MB (Moska-Bystritsky) - officially Vladimir Pavlovich was considered one of his developers, although his role was determined by securing orders from the military department. The events of the 17th found the Bystritsky family in Paris, where Vladimir Pavlovich served as a Russian aviation agent. They did not return to their homeland.

Since 1920, when Peter Hansky was in exile, and until the end of the artist's life, Sophia and her family were the closest people to him. Kira Vladimirovna will be stored for almost 50 years, the archive of his uncle, who in the early 90s will go to the daughters of another sister of Peter Ghana, Eugenia, who lived in Estonia. Along with the archive, portrait Portrait is a realistic genre depicting a person or a group of people actually existing. The portrait - in the French reading - portrait, from the old French portraire - "reproduce something line in line." Another facet of the name of the portrait lies in the outdated word "parsuna" - from the Latin. persona - "person; person". Read further came from Paris to Tallinn, and later from Tallinn to the Odessa Art Museum.One year after being released from prison, Peter Ghansky is helped to go abroad to France, where his sister Sofia lived with her family. His Paris workshop is located on 67 Hugo Street. Gansky works a lot, participates in exhibitions. In 1925−27gg he lives in Lyon, where he studied at the theological faculty.It is not known why Peter the Great decided to become a Catholic priest; nevertheless, in August 1928 he was ordained as a priest of the Jesuit Order of the Byzantine RiteHe does not quit his creative work: On the 70th anniversary of Peter Ghansky (1937), the Parisian newspaper Russkaya Mysl writes: , still not throwing a brush ... "
Hansky was a friend of Nikolai Roerich, corresponded with him, he played a certain role in the dissemination of the Roerich Pact on the protection of cultural monuments.
Last year, Peter Hansky spent in the house for the elderly priests in Dora (Dorat, Haute Vienne), where he was courted by the Franciscans of the temple of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The artist ended on November 27, 1942 and was buried in the monastery cemetery. The heritage of Peter the Ghana - manuscripts, philosophical reflections, the science fiction novel “The Red Star” in French, is stored in the archives of the Catholic Church.The exhibition “Artist P. P. Gansky in the OXM Collection” is open until April 1, 2017.

Title illustration - Peter Hansky. "Portrait of Sofia Pavlovna Bystritskaya, nee Ghana"
Photo report of the author "Arthiva"