The works of Claude Lorrain, Giovanni Arricheti, Annibale Carracci and many other artists of Western Europe are presented.Annibale Carracci, "The Holy Family" 17th century Canvas, oil. ItalyA noteworthy and the canvas of Carracci, but a special gem of the exhibition is the painting “PortraitPortrait - a realistic genre depicting a person or a group of people existing in reality. The portrait - in the French reading - portrait, from the old French portraire - "reproduce something line in line." Another facet of the name of the portrait lies in the outdated word "parsuna" - from the Latin. persona - "person; person". Read further commander Juan of Austria ": this is a masterpiece of Spanish painting of the XVI century, the only painting by Alonso Sanchez Coelho, stored in Russia.
Alonso Sanchez Coelho, “Portrait of the Commander Juan of Austria”, 16th century, oil on canvas, SpainIn the history of the Hermitage there were periods when the authorities intervened in the formation of collections and at times brutally withdrew world-class paintings from the funds for sale. In the period from 1929 to 1934. Government orders have sold 48 practically priceless masterpieces, including paintings by Rembrandt, Raphael, Titian, Van Gogh.On the scale of what is happening then with the invaluable works of great masters judge, and by this example. Van Gogh's masterpiece Night Cafe, bought in spring 1908 at the Salon of Golden Fleece exhibition for 3 thousand rubles (7 thousand thousand francs) by collector Ivan Morozov, in 1918 was nationalized by the Soviet authorities. In 1928 - 33, the canvas was exhibited in Moscow, and then it was sold to collector Stefan Clarke. After his death, according to the will, the rights to the painting were transferred to Yale University. In 2014, Ivan Morozov’s great-grandson, Pierre Konovaloff, lost the rights to a painting in a US court. Read more in the publication “Stalin's Sales: Feast of the Spirit of the Raven” It was at that time that there were cases when part of the collections were transferred from the Hermitage to other museums of the USSR. Museum workers are still arguing: whether it was a boon to the collection or not. Some of them believe that by transferring paintings to other museums, their colleagues saved the exhibits from being sold to the West.Dujardin Carel, “Little beggar musician” 17th century, Dutch school. Etching paper The first known etched boards are dated to the beginning of the 16th century. Etching (from fr. Eau-forte, "strong water" - nitric acid) is the main technique in this type of gravure gravure printing, in which the image on the surface of a metal plate is etched with acid. From a technological point of view, etching is the opposite of an engraving. Read further. However, even after World War II and Stalin’s death, the threat to the Hermitage collection did not disappear. Thus, the Pergamon altar, the most significant ancient Greek monument after the marble statues of the Parthenon, was removed by Soviet troops from Berlin in 1945 and was kept in the Hermitage’s special security until 1954 - only then it became accessible to visitors. In 1958, by decision of Khrushchev, the GDR was returned along with a huge number of other trophy objects of art. And in the Hermitage there was a beautifully made plaster copy of the altar, which in 2002 was given as a gift to the Stieglitz Academy, where it can be seen on the gallery of the Great Hall under a glass dome.Fragment of the Pergamon Altar, "The Wife of Zeus Hera rules quadriga."
The Pergamon altar was erected in honor of the victory won in 228 BC. by the army of King Attalus I over the galls of the barbarians. Ancient Greece. Even today, in 2013, in connection with the attempt to recreate the State Museum of New Western Art, closed in 1948, the possibility of transferring part of the Hermitage collection of impressionist artists to Moscow was widely discussed. After a broad discussion, the idea did not find support, as, indeed, the idea of recreating this museum did not find support.Elizaveta Boehm, "Zakhmeel" 19−20 century. Watercolor paperAkvarel (from Italian. "Aquarello") is a well-known painting technique using water-based paints, invented in Art. III. in China. Water color paints become transparent after dissolving in water; therefore, when applied to grainy paper, the image looks airy and thin. Unlike oil paintings, there are no textured strokes in watercolor paintings. To read further, gouache (from French Gouache - wet) is a type of painting that uses matte water-soluble paints. They are also called this term. Gouache originated in the 11th century, when glue and whitewash were added to watercolors to achieve greater density. Its texture creates an opaque image, can overlap "bad" places. In the Middle Ages, gouache paints created miniatures in books. Renaissance artists used them for sketches. In Russia, gouache has become popular among poster artists. In easel painting it is used for decoration of decorative elements, in combination with ink or watercolor. Gouache work not only on paper, but also on canvas, plywood, fabric. The paint is first applied with a thin floe and then covered with a thick one. There is art and poster gouache. The latter is characterized by a large saturation. To read further. Anyway, but the exhibition “Unknown Hermitage” presented in Khabarovsk will make it possible to see the works of famous European masters hidden for a long time from viewers' eyes. I would like very much to hope that such expositions will become traditional, and the masterpieces of world heritage will collect less dust in museum storerooms. The exhibition will run until November 1 of this year. All the illustrations, except for the Van Gogh and Pergamon Altar paintings, are from the Unknown Hermitage exposition - Claude Lorrain, "Port", 17th century.
Copper plate, oil. France.