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"This is love and soul." Mystetsky Arsenal invites naive art exhibition

A large-scale project “Pure Art” has opened in Mystetsky Arsenal. The exhibition introduces unique non-professional Ukrainian artists of the twentieth century, whose work inspired famous artists and continues to influence contemporary art. The exposition includes works by M. Primachenko, A. Sobachko-Shostak, A. Bogomazova, N. Pimonenko, A. Khvostenko-Khvostova, A. Shabatura, D. Perepelitsa, A. Sadakova, E. Leshchenko, A. Roitburd and many others masters - amateur artists, primitives and participants of the modern art scene. In our review - acquaintance with the phenomena of the Ukrainian "naive".“The main idea of ​​the project is the dialogue: between academic tradition and folk painting, between naive art and primitivism against the background of modern art, which is looking for a naive source of inspiration and reference in the archetypal codes” - Alisa Lozhkina, curator of the Mystetsky Arsenal projects.Don't Mess! Nikolai Kornilevich Pymonenko1895, 79 × 108 cmUnknown author. "Tikay Petre s Natalkoy, іde mother with swing"

The exhibition presents works from the collections of the National Art Museum of Ukraine, the I. Gonchar Museum, the National Museum of Ukrainian Folk Decorative Art, the Mystetsky Arsenal (avant-garde from I. Dychenko's collection), the National T. Shevchenko Museum and private collections.
N. Pymonenko "Rivals" (At the Well), 1909, NHMU

During the twentieth century, the work of professional artists and talented self-taught amateurs underwent constant interaction and interpenetration. Some folk artists are now considered classics. It is to such classics can be attributed folk artist Maria Primachenko, whose work is widely known.Fantastic BirdMaria Avksentyevna Primachenko1937 "... if you enlarge many of her images at the same time, it will probably be no less scary than Spielberg's Jurassic Park." Arsen Savadov
  • M. Primachenko "Rider parrot"
  • M. Primachenko "The Green Elephant", 1936
The exhibition presents 22 of her drawings, which are located next to the work of Arsen Savadov "Dedication Primachenko", calling the artist "star of naive art."
“If you remove all the matisse decoration, then its images are very strong and not too kind. What awakened the beautiful — this fear or decoration — remained a mystery to me. But if you increase many of her images at the same time, it will probably be no less scary than Spielberg’s “Jurassic Park,” A. Savadov shares his impressions, transferring animals and flowers from his drawings to Primachenko’s work.Arsen Savadov “Hommaj Maria Primachenko”, 2010−2011The dialogue of the professional artist with a master on the call of the heart at the exhibition is continued by the father and son - Alexander and Yevgeny Leschenko.
Leshchenko Sr. learned to draw in the icon-painting workshop, and all his life until the age of 94, he painted landscapes and portraits that were rich with a special luminous color. Feel the color he taught his son, and supported his desire to become a professional artist.Alexander Leshchenko “Sunset”, 1990s, oil on canvas. Private collection

Creativity Yevgeny Leshchenko, a certified master, is a classic primitivism, inspired by naive art.
Attitude to the world, like a heavenly fairy garden, inhabited by mysterious creatures, bright colors and a major mood bring together the work of Yevgeny Leshchenko with the works of the best primitive masters.

Evgeny Leshchenko “Fees”, 2001, oil on canvas. Author's property

Yevgeny Leshchenko “Bright Flowers are Playing,” 2005, oil on canvas. The property of the authorThe exhibition "Pure Art" reveals the phenomenon of naive art, the strength of its attractiveness and irresistible charm, which fall under the audience, professional artists, art historians. A self-taught artist does not seek fame and honor, does not seek titles and awards, is not burdened by the advice of his colleagues and the evaluation of experts and critics. He creates as he sees and feels. Often the works of folk artists resemble a frozen idyll, a paradise in which there is no shadow of sorrow. They create the illusion that its creators live in a parallel reality. However, many works at the exhibition were created in difficult times of the formation of the Soviet power, Stalinist repressions, post-war years. And yet, looking at them, there is a feeling that naive artists are involved in life in the Garden of Eden, when a person who knew no sin, in his purity was free and natural. Petr Gonchar, co-curator of the exhibition and director of the Museum, Ivan Gonchar, most accurately expressed the essence of the naive art:
"This is love and soul"Alexandra Shabatura. "Village", the end of the 1920sAlexandra Shabatura. “Landscape with three huts”, 1930th Separate theme at the exhibition is a portrait genre. Particular attention is attracted by the work of Athanasius and Yakilin Yarmolenko, whose works were discovered several years ago by the director and curator of the I. Gonchar Museum - Peter Gonchar and Galina Shchupak during one of the expeditions to the surrounding villages in search of relics. In one hut, they saw pictures of Yarmolenko.
“We didn’t know this artist yet, we haven’t heard anything about him yet, and the portraits spoke for themselves. These were masterpieces, ”writes Galina Shchupak later about the first meeting with the works.FamilyPanas Yarmolenko1941

Afanasy Yarmolenko (1886−1953) the last 10 years of his life lived in Pereyaslav. It is not known whether he had an artistic education, but for several years he taught drawing at a local school.
The most expressive were his portraits, similar to the Parsons. Peter Gonchar notes in them "a sense of eternity."
A. Yarmolenko "Self-portrait"

“In the center, the owner himself in embroidery is Dmitry Mikula, next to him on horseback is his son Ivan, still a teenager, and on the other hand, the color of the picture is on a bench near the hut - Gorpina’s wife with a small Tick in her arms. Around her flowers. And this Ukrainian Madonna looked at us calmly and confidently, because it was her yard, her family, her house, her land, at last. And her face was very beautiful, with subtle features ...Family of Dmitry MikulyPanas Yarmolenko1933, 102 × 149 cm

... In general, Yarmolenko painted women with some special warmth - all of them are not just attractive, but real beauties, and this beauty is not only external: they look at us with a special look, - these Basilins, Gorpiny, Anna, Uliana, Parasky, Euphrosyne; Ukraine itself is looking at us; it’s her women who have long gone and now seem to ask us: what are you now? "- Galina Shchupak, the chief curator of the Museum I. Gonchar.
A. Yarmolenko "Portrait of Natalia Kucherenko", 1928

Yakilina Yarmolenko studied with her father, drew details in his works. Later it turned out that it was the flowers and bouquets in the hands of the models - the work of the artist's daughter. Wonderful series of portraits of Yakilin herself with love tells about the family.
  • Yakilina Yarmolenko "Portrait of a husband"
  • Yakilina Yarmolenko "Boy in blue"
Yarina Yakilina Yarmolenko

Creativity of many folk artists became known through the labors of museum staff. Kim Skalatsky, director of the Poltava Art Museum, collected a good collection of naive art for his museum and opened many Poltava self-taught artists, explored the phenomenon of Poltava handicrafts, among them Semyon Furman, Alexander Shabatura and Dmitry Perepelitsa.
The work of Dmitry Perepilitsa (1903−1981) "Still life with a watermelon" was included in the World Encyclopedia of Naive Art (Belgrade, 1984).

Alexandra Shabatura “Selo”, 1930-e Talented artists Yarina and Sofia Gomenyuk from Cherkasy region were opened by art historian and artist Narcissus Kocherezhko. The creativity of the sisters began with the painting of their hut, and then relatives and neighbors invited Yarina and Sofia to decorate their houses. Craftswomen painted in gouache technique, and tassels were made from forest herbs, each paint had its own brush. Their works are characterized by metaphor and associativity of images, an extraordinary fantasy in the depiction of simple plots.Dawn rises above the world Yarina Gomenyuk1969 Self-taught artist Anna Gotvyanskaya from the Kharkiv region worked all her life on the farm, and in the evenings and at night she embroidered bench hammers, icons, paintings and carpets, and never using purchased yarn, but dismissing old things. Before retirement, she began to draw. 86-year-old artist came to the opening of the exhibition.Ganna Gotvyanskaya "Whitening cloth", 1994, cardboard, wood, oil. National Museum of Folk Architecture and Life of UkraineGanna Gotvyanskaya "Girls bleach a cloth", 2006

The art of the kindergarten teacher from Krivoy Rog Anastasia Rak conquered the Parisian public. In 1999, as part of the Days of Ukrainian Culture in Paris, her paintings on glass were presented at an exhibition at the Museum of Man. They had a great success, and after four months of exposure, the Paris Directorate asked to extend the exhibition for a few more months, invited the artist to hold a master class and acquired some works in her collection.

Anastasia Rak (1922−2014) "Under the protection of the angel"

Tatiana Pata "Black Skrynya", 1926−1928, dictation, temperature (from lat. Temperare - mix paints) - paints based on natural (vegetable juice, casein, egg yolk) or synthetic (polymers) emulsions, which are made from dry pigments ( natural or artificial). Tempera paints invented long before the oil. The tombs of the Egyptian pharaohs are decorated with patterns made with tempera. Not by chance it is called the most durable art material. Creators have been using it for 3 thousand years. In Russia, tempera was written until the seventeenth century. Read on. National Museum of Ukrainian Folk Decorative ArtNikolai Melnik “Still Life Still Life is a picturesque genre focusing on the depiction of the objective world. The name "still life" comes from the French nature morte or Italian natura morta, which translates as "dead nature." In a still life depict inanimate objects, compositionally located in a realistic space. Read further with watermelon ”, 1997, dictation, oil. The I. Gonchar Museum, Kyiv In European Art, in a new way began to open “naive” in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in search of a new artistic language. Creativity of naive artists inspired Picasso, Matisse, Joan Miro. Under the great influence of naive and folk art, the Ukrainian avant-gardeMalevich was located, "inventing" suprematism, did not let anyone into the studio. The only exception was the avant-garde artist Alexandra Exter. Once a resident of Kiev, having moved to France, she taught at the Fernand Leger school, created "model" clothes, and after a long oblivion her paintings today are valued "by a million." Our small excursion is on the Kiev routes "amazon Russian avant-garde". Read further, especially the works of A. Exter, K. Malevich, D. Burliuk. Conquered by spontaneity, simplicity and honesty of non-professional artists, they collaborated with rural artels and folk craftsmen.
  • A. Khvostenko-Khvostov. Sketch of the costume Fata Morgana at the ball to S. Prokofiev's opera Love for Three Oranges, 1926, paper, gouacheGouache (from French. Gouache - wet) is a type of painting that uses matte water-soluble paints. They are also called this term. Gouache originated in the 11th century, when glue and whitewash were added to watercolors to achieve greater density. Its texture creates an opaque image, can overlap "bad" places. In the Middle Ages, gouache paints created miniatures in books. Renaissance artists used them for sketches. In Russia, gouache has become popular among poster artists. In easel painting it is used for decoration of decorative elements, in combination with ink or watercolor. Gouache work not only on paper, but also on canvas, plywood, fabric. The paint is first applied with a thin floe and then covered with a thick one. There is art and poster gouache. For the latter is characterized by high saturation. Read on. From the collection of I. Dychenko. Mystetsky Arsenal
  • A. Khvostenko-Khvostov. Sketch of the costumes of the court to the opera by S. Prokofiev "Love for three oranges", 1926, paper, gouacheGouache (from French. Gouache - wet) - a type of painting that uses matte water-soluble paints. They are also called this term. Gouache originated in the 11th century, when glue and whitewash were added to watercolors to achieve greater density. Its texture creates an opaque image, can overlap "bad" places. In the Middle Ages, gouache paints created miniatures in books. Renaissance artists used them for sketches. In Russia, gouache has become popular among poster artists. In easel painting it is used for decoration of decorative elements, in combination with ink or watercolor. Gouache work not only on paper, but also on canvas, plywood, fabric. The paint is first applied with a thin floe and then covered with a thick one. There is art and poster gouache. For the latter is characterized by high saturation. Read on. From the collection of I. Dychenko. Mystetsky Arsenal.
  • A. Khvostenko-Khvostov. Minister Leander’s costume design for S. Prokofiev’s opera “The Love for Three Oranges”, 1926, paper, gouache (from French Gouache - wet) is a type of painting that uses matte water-soluble paints. They are also called this term. Gouache originated in the 11th century, when glue and whitewash were added to watercolors to achieve greater density. Its texture creates an opaque image, can overlap "bad" places. In the Middle Ages, gouache paints created miniatures in books. Renaissance artists used them for sketches. In Russia, gouache has become popular among poster artists. In easel painting it is used for decoration of decorative elements, in combination with ink or watercolor. Gouache work not only on paper, but also on canvas, plywood, fabric. The paint is first applied with a thin floe and then covered with a thick one. There is art and poster gouache. For the latter is characterized by high saturation. Read on. From the collection of I. Dychenko. Mystetsky Arsenal.
  • A. Khvostenko-Khvostov. Sketch of the costume Fata Morgana to S. Prokofiev's opera "Love for three oranges", 1926, paper, gouacheGouache (from French. Gouache - wet) - a type of painting in which matte water-soluble paints are used. They are also called this term. Gouache originated in the 11th century, when glue and whitewash were added to watercolors to achieve greater density. Its texture creates an opaque image, can overlap "bad" places. In the Middle Ages, gouache paints created miniatures in books. Renaissance artists used them for sketches. In Russia, gouache has become popular among poster artists. In easel painting it is used for decoration of decorative elements, in combination with ink or watercolor. Gouache work not only on paper, but also on canvas, plywood, fabric. The paint is first applied with a thin floe and then covered with a thick one. There is art and poster gouache. For the latter is characterized by high saturation. Read on. From the collection of I. Dychenko. Mystetsky Arsenal
At the beginning of the twentieth century, creative artels, workshops, and training schools appeared in Ukraine. In 1910, landowner Anastasia Semigradova opened a workshop for making carpets in the village. Skoptsy Kiev region. Among the embroiderers who worked here in the years 1910-1916 was Anna Sobachko-Shostak. Anna became friends with Alexandra Exter, who came to Skoptsy, and was fascinated by the graphics. In the technique of watercolor and gouache she painted decorative panels in the spirit of "rural futurism" - dynamic compositions with floral ornaments, reinterpreted under the influence of avant-garde art. According to her drawings, carpets and embroidery were created, and her works were exhibited at an exhibition in Moscow in 1915, and then in Prague, Berlin, Dresden, Paris and New York. The first and third works of A. Sobachko-Shostak are in the photo below, in the middle - composition A. Bogomazova.Unforgettable FlowersGanna Sobachko-Shostak1917CompositionAlexander Konstantinovich Bogomazov1915Flowers in a wreathGanna Sobachko-Shostak1917 Henri Matisse said about the work of Ukrainian embroiderers in 1916: "Not you, but we need to learn from you, because you have the great national art, icons and the unique folk art of Anna Sobachko."The Flower DanceGanna Sobachko-Shostak1915An embroidery workshop in p. The recruitment of Cherkasy region, opened by Princess Natalia Davydova in 1910. In 1914, Davydova invited Aleksandra Exter and later Kazimir Malevich to lead the workshop. Together with the avant-garde artists Exter, Malevich, Popova, Yakulov, the folk artists created unique embroidery patterns in which the experience of folk decorative painting was intertwined with modern suprematic forms. Among the pupils of the workshop was Evmen Pshechenko.
  • E. Pshechenko "Acrobat", 1927
  • B. Kosarev / V. Ermilov "Trudiada"
In 1914, Princess Natalya Davydova invited Alexandra Exter and later Kazimir Malevich to manage the embroidery workshop.DragonEumen Pshechenko1920s

George Malyavina can be considered a representative of the urban naive. About the artist, better known in Odessa as Zhora Kochegar, very little is known. His works were sold on the streets and in the Odessa flea market. They were acquired by collectors from Kiev, Odessa and Moscow, however, very few people knew the artist personally.
G. Malyavin "Self-portrait"

The exhibition presents works by Malyavin from the collection of the famous contemporary artist Alexander Roitburd.These are very original copies of famous works: they are characterized by an individual creative manner, thanks to which the perception of images familiar from childhood is completely changed. “Mona Lisa” by Da Vinci, “The Girl with Peaches” by V. Serov, “Self-Portrait with Saskia” by Rembrandt - stylized, with an expressive simplified form, giving the world masterpieces a new - “naive” flavor.The exhibition "Pure Art" in Mystetsky Arsenal will last until May 9, 2017. The publication used materials from the websites of Mystetsky Arsenal, I. Gonchar Museum, Ukrainian 20th-century naiv: artarsenal.in.ua, honchar.org.ua, ukrainian-naive.com .
Title illustration: Dmitry Perepelitsa “Still-life Still-life is a picturesque genre focusing on the depiction of the objective world. The name "still life" comes from the French nature morte or Italian natura morta, which translates as "dead nature." In a still life depict inanimate objects, compositionally located in a realistic space. Read more with watermelon »