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Ban or disappeared: how to find out the masterpiece on TV shows and will burn Chagall's fake?

Do you know who wrote an unassuming picture on the wall of your bedroom - or that one gathering dust in the attic? If not, then you are here: the “Fake or Fortune” show on the BBC channel not only entertains, but also determines the authorship of the paintings, from great originals to skillful handicrafts, from Raphael to Meegeren. The recent events connected with the name of Marc Chagall and the loud announcements of new affairs with Gainsborough and Constable again attract the attention of the art public.

Oil painting: the originals do not burn

Zatevaya show in 2011, the TV crews did not lose. In the UK alone, there are more than 17,500 "unidentified" oil paintings - the works of "unknown masters." And this is truly Klondike, the cave of Aladdin, and so on through the list. Experts of the British BBC show called Fake or Fortune (Fake or Fortune) have pitched their camp on this fertile ground. The team consists of art detectives Philip Mauld and Bandor Grosvenor, as well as journalist Fiona Bruce. They specialize in finding the “secret” or lost works of great artists.
In a recent episode devoted to the modernist artist Marc Chagall, a resounding thing happened: the experts discovered a fake! To make sure finally, the work and the results of the tele-examination were submitted to the Committee for Chagall in Paris. The committee was created and supervised by the artist’s grandchildren in order to protect his reputation in the art world. So, the committee decided: the picture does not belong to Chagall's brush and, by virtue of French law, must be destroyed (namely, burned).

I must say that the painting "Naked" 63-year-old businessman Mr. Lang bought in 1992 for 100 thousand dollars, and the committee’s decision he finds truly barbaric. Philip Mauld, art expert at Fake or Fortune, agrees with him: solutions can always be revised thanks to the progress of modern science and technology. Doing this way now is completely “anti-academic”!

But let's look closely at the methods of experts Fake or Fortune, the source of work for which does not dry out. Alas, since the moment they entered the museum, many paintings have lost touch with the artists who created them. But what about the signature - you ask? “The idea of ​​signing works is quite new. The artists of the XVI, XVII and XVIII centuries did not do this at all, ”says Filip. “And there was no point in this. What is a signature? Anyone can put it, ”he continues to shock. How to be in this case? However, Bender and Philip are not so easily puzzled: “We need to train the eye,” they say. "To learn to understand, recognize images that have been damaged and may be different from the work of the master, but still are such."Garden pathClod Monet1901, 92 × 89 cmDancer Edgar Degas1899, 30 × 31.5 cmPortrait of the artist. Copy of 1750 - 1825 by Antonis van Dijk 57.2 × 49.5 cm. The approach is clear, but how in the absence of adequate documentation, the signature on the picture and the distortion of the image to identify the picture? Bendor, Philip and Fiona look at the orphaned paintings as unsolved crimes. Combining the results of art and forensic examination with the voice of intuition, they unravel the seemingly hopelessly tangled tangles.

So, they have already successfully proved that the brush of the brilliant Flemish portrait painter Anthony van Dyck had belonged to the painting, personally bought by art detective Philip himself. "You feel a characteristic tingling when you attack the trail!" - say the characters. Time after time they make massive detective investigations - sometimes no worse than Sherlock Holmes.

Philip and Fiona pester numerous art experts, and Bendor, as head of the investigation, is wooling through the ancient gallery archives, studying the origin and history of the painting. “I think some part of me is a failed police detective,” he laughs. Despite the format of TV shows and stories about intuition, everything is arranged very seriously - just look at the list of equipment that is used in investigations: from x-rays to spectroscopy. The usual practice of examination, for example, in relation to "Children under the Palm Tree" - paintings by Winslow Homer, which appeared in the show.In the new episode, television experts are “combing through” a whole bunch of unidentified works on the BBC website Your Paintings, hoping to find out the hand of Thomas Gainsborough, one of the greatest artists in Britain. “I love Gainsborough very much ... and he influenced my sensitivity to art. So I feel I owe him a lot, ”said Philip. Next in line is the British John Constable. Hit or miss? We learn in the new series. And perhaps you have something to offer the lead for the examination? Well, you can also contact Fake or Fortune art detectives by providing quality photographs and actual data at: [email protected]Julia Vlaskina