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David Hockney: 60 years of creativity and print tricks

February 5 in the London Dulwich Picture Gallery opened an exhibition of works by David Hockney (David Hockney), dedicated to the 60th anniversary of the first print of the artist. "Hockney, printmaker" - not just a printer. During this time he became a significant figure in pop art and one of the most influential British artists. In addition, he is an engraver, set designer and photographer, and his "calling card" - paintings ... with pools!

The queen will wait!

Art columnists have called David Hockney "the greatest living artist ever since this world left Francis Bacon a few years ago." The name of David Hockney is associated with a multitude of scandals and simply high-profile events: open and actively proclaimed homosexuality (this is in the sixties!); the death of his assistant from a drug overdose; Hockney-Falco's so-called thesis on the effect of optical devices (such as a camera obscura, a camera-lucid, curved mirrors) on a realistic image technique in classical European art; drawings made on Ipad and Iphone (by the way, also presented at the exhibition), when they just appeared in the states; Her Majesty Queen’s refusal to make a royal portrait is just some of the quirks and “exploits” of Hockney.Man at heart in Beverly Hills, David Hockney 1964, 167 × 167 cm

The current exhibition stands out for the fact that this is the first of Hockney's exhibitions devoted specifically to prints, in which he is both the “greatest master” and innovator. Well, we make an excursion, starting in 1954 and up to the types of rain, windows and studios three years ago. Well, in the interval 1954 - 2011 is not without printed outrage and call the prim public.

However, let's not forget why Hockney is still important. The main association that his work evokes among connoisseurs is the bright and clear paintings that immediately appear in the memory of pools in California. This is truly the calling card of the modern creator, and not just the kinds of pools. The atmosphere of carelessness and, nevertheless, the helplessness and helplessness of a person in front of the world — deceptive and deliberately artificial — is what David Hockney’s work is imbued with. Throughout his career, Hockney alternated engraving and lithography, drawing the attention of his admirers to the fact that this is a complete alternative his paintings, not an addition to them. In general, the artist discovered these techniques when he worked as an assistant at the Royal College of Art and simply could not afford canvases and paints. Later, Hockney began to experiment on purpose and invent in the “printed” genre.Canyon Nichols David Hockney 1980, 152.4 × 213.3 cmBillie Wilder David Hockney 1982Self-Portrait with Charlie David Hockney 2005, 182 × 91 cmSelf-portrait in red suspenders David Hockney2003, 61 × 46 cm

The lithograph "Hotel Acatlan: two weeks later" was made under the impression of traveling to Mexico in the mid-80s. It is made using specially designed plastic sheets from Mylar (and this is another innovation), thanks to the transparency of which they could be applied in several layers.

This allowed Hockney to remove the restrictions in color, as well as during the work to see the whole picture as a whole - very important innovations. The perspective in this work is also unusual: Hockney does not like the “fixation” of the perspective of the Renaissance, so he is seeking a kind of “3D effect”.
In general, Hockney is a non-standard person. And whatever you think of Hockney as an artist or as a person - an exhibition that runs until May 11th is worth a visit. Proof of this - long lines are already halfway to the gallery. The old rogue again managed to seize universal attention!Julia Vlaskina

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