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"Avant-garde superstar Renaissance". Anniversary of Tintoretto celebrated in Venice

Among the famous artists of the XVI century, who worked in Venice, Tintoretto was the most Venetian. For 75 years of his life, he left his hometown only once. Many of his paintings are still in the churches and Scules (religious brotherhoods), for which they were created. This fall, Venice began to celebrate the 500th anniversary of the birth of its outstanding painter, who is called the "avant-garde superstar" of the Renaissance.Jacopo Robusti (1518/1519 - 1594) was nicknamed Tintoretto or “the little dyer” because his father was involved in dyeing fabrics. The family had 21 children, and the future painter was the oldest. His daughter Marietta, sons Marco and Domenico also became artists. The latter inherited a large family workshop and created sturdy, but uninspired pictures in a parental manner. Some of them are sometimes mistaken for the work of the elder Tintoretto. Art critic Robert Ehols spent 30 years unraveling the attribution of such works.
  • Jacopo Tintoretto, "Self-portrait" (c. 1548). Philadelphia Museum of Art
  • Jacopo Tintoretto, "Self-portrait" (1588). Louvre, Paris
Echoles has now become the co-curator of the Tintoretto retrospective at the Doge's Palace. This is the first major review of the artist in his native Venice since 1937. A parallel show is held by the Academy Gallery - it focuses on the early stage of the painter's career. The exhibits of both exhibitions in the spring of next year will make a joint visit to the National Gallery of Art in Washington and will be presented in North America for the first time.The conversion of St. Paul Yakopo (Robusti) Tintoretto 1544, 152.7 × 236.3 cm The early Tintoretto period is especially difficult for research. According to one of the biographers, he spent ten days in the workshop of Titian, but was expelled, because the master saw the threat in a precarious talent of the boy. However, the recordings of Tintoretto's studies — by Titian or any other painter — have not been preserved. “In fact, there is not a single well-documented picture of young Tintoretto,” says Echols.
The earliest work of Tintoretto, with certainty, is “The Contest of Apollo and Marcia” (1545) from the collection of the Wadsworth Athenaeum Museum in Hartford, Connecticut. It was written for Pietro Aretino, who, in a public recommendation, noted the speed of its execution and the genius of the artist.The competition between Apollo and Marcia Jakopo (Robusti) Tintoretto1545, 139.7 × 240 cm. According to the British art critic Jonathan Jones, the art of Tintoretto is "a rejection of Titian's sensuous fullness." “His work actually violates the rules of the Renaissance [...] and is a dizzying mixture of piety and stylistic disobedience,” writes the art historian. Fast and free Tintoretto strokes were considered “radical and even shameful,” adds Robert Ehols.

Left: Jacopo Tintoretto, “The Abduction of the Body of St. Mark” (1566). Academy Gallery, Venice
In addition, the Venetian chose for his figures bold angles and expressive postures - in imitation of Michelangelo. On the wall of the Tintoretto workshop, supposedly, even the motto was written: "Michelangelo's drawing and Titian's color." However, unlike the author of the Sistine Chapel frescoes, Tintoretto worked very quickly, using only light and shadows to model the forms. Because of this, the figures look as if they have acquired plasticity with the help of a kind of magic.

Miracle of Saint Mark Yakopo (Robusti) Tintoretto1548, 416 × 544 cmWhen developing large-scale compositions, Tintoretto created a model of small wax figures that he placed or hung in boxes. They were illuminated in such a way that the combinations of light and shadows in the picture he wrote were the same as in the room where it was supposed to hang.Jesus' dispute in the temple (Christ among the doctors) Jacopo (Robusti) Tintoretto1546, 200 × 300 cm Tintoretto’s career peak is considered to be his paintings for San Rocco scools, which he performed with intervals between 1564 and 1587. The walls and ceilings of the building are almost completely covered with works that are sometimes compared to the frescoes of the Sistine Chapel. They depict scenes from the Old and New Testaments and the lives of the saints. Particular attention is paid to Saint Roch, the patron saint of brotherhood, who helped the sick.The Crucifixion of Christ Jacopo (Robusti) Tintoretto1565, 518 × 1224 cmThe culmination is the huge “Crucifixion” (1565) in the Hall of Albergo. Tintoretto depicted the moment when a sponge was dipped in vinegar to wet the wounds of Christ. Around the cross are soldiers, followers of Jesus, onlookers, pagans and contemporaries of the artist (their portraits are clearly marked), who look at the scene as if it is unfolding before their eyes. On the left they raise a cross with the Prudent Brigand, and on the right, they screw on the Mad brigand lying on the ground. At the foot of the cross, the companions support Mary, who has lost her senses. The whole composition is based on complex gestures and unusually bold angles that lead the viewer’s attention to the space of the picture. ) and Joey (Woody Allen): “What brings you to the museum? - To be in Venice and not to see the pictures of Tintoretto is a crime. [...] - So, you like him very much? “Well, how can you not like this short one, but with a strong character, a genius who sang in his paintings of Venice of the sixteenth century?”Jacopo Tintoretto, “Paradise” - the painting of the Grand Council Hall in the Doge’s Palace in Venice. Tintoretto’s brushes are the largest paintings in the world on canvas. The artist received an order for painting after the death of Veronese. He initially won the competition to decorate the hall, which was injured during the fire in 1577, but died, and did not start work. Tintoretto presented two sketches (1, 2), but the final work does not match them. When the artist started painting, he was 70 years old, and the painting was mainly completed by apprentices under the guidance of his son Domenico.

Jacopo Tintoretto, “Portrait of a Bearded Old Man” (second half of the 16th century). Private collection
And the most expensive at the moment picture Tintoretto - "Portrait of a bearded old man", written in the mature period of the career of the master. In July 2008, the canvas, from the end of the 19th century, which was part of the English private collection, was sold at Sotheby's for £ 1.6 million ($ 3.1 million). In this case, a preliminary assessment of the work was only 200 - 300 thousand pounds.

The exhibition “Young Tintoretto” in the Gallery of the Academy and “Tintoretto” in the Doge's Palace will last until January 6, 2019.LetoYakopo (Robusti) Tintoretto1548, 105.7 × 193 cm Arthiv: read us in Telegraf and look in Instagram