The first ever large-scale retrospective by Peter Bruegel the Elder is being arranged in Vienna

A unique exhibition is being prepared this autumn by the Vienna Museum of Art. For the first time in world history, an institution collects three-quarters of the entire creative heritage of the master of the Northern Renaissance, the Dutch artist Peter Beygel the Elder. The exposition is timed to the 450th anniversary of his death. The value and fragility of the paintings, prints and drawings presented on it is such that such a show can hardly be repeated in the coming decades.Peter Bruegel the Elder (c. 1525/30 - 1569) was still one of the most sought-after artists during his lifetime, and his works were expensive. About forty paintings and sixty engravings have reached our days. The Viennese Museum of History owns twelve panels - this is the world's largest collection of works by the artist. The institute is obliged to it to experts who in the 16th century served the house of the Hapsburgs. Assessing the exceptional quality of these masterpieces, they acquired the most important ones.Mad GretaPiter Bruegel the Elder1563, 117.4 × 162 cm For viewers, this will be the only chance in life to immerse themselves in the artist’s complex imaginative world, explore his style and creative process, become familiar with his work methods, lively humor and unique narrative style.

Peter Bruegel the Elder, “The Artist and the Connoisseur” (1566). Albertina Gallery, Vienna
Museums and private collectors attribute the works of Bruegel to their most precious and fragile treasures. Most panels are never rented for exhibitions. The exposition in Vienna will be a real blockbuster: for the first time, the public will be given a comprehensive overview of the painter's work.

More than nine dozen exhibits include about 30 paintings on panels and almost half of the preserved drawings and engravings. For the first time in centuries, within the framework of one exposition, you can see four panels from the cycle “Seasons” at once. Three of them, including the famous "Hunters in the Snow", are included in the collection of the Museum of Art History, the fourth - "Haymaking" - will arrive from the Lobkowitzky Palace in Prague (the fifth of the famous paintings of this series, "Harvest", remained in the Metropolitan Museum in New York).Haymaking. The cycle "The Seasons", early summerPeter Bruegel the Elder1565, 114 × 158 cmHunters in the snow. Cycle "The Seasons", JanuaryPeter Bruegel the Elder1565, 117 × 162 cmThe return of the herd. The cycle "The Seasons", late autumnPeter Bruegel the Elder1565, 117 × 159 cmDark day. Cycle "Seasons". February and early springPeter Bruegel the Elder1565, 118 × 163 cmThe Bruegel selection of The Seasons is often used as an example of investing in art. She was ordered by Peter Bruegel the Elder Antwerp financier Nicholas Yongelink to decorate his house. Almost immediately after this, the client had financial difficulties, and in order to obtain a large loan from the city treasury, he provided a document confirming the rights to still not painted pictures as material security. After completion, all panels went to the treasury storehouse, where they were located for several decades. The artist himself never saw them anymore.
  • Peter Bruegel the Elder, "Tower of Babel" (1563). Museum of Art History, Vienna
  • Peter Bruegel the Elder, "The Tower of Babel" (1565). Boijmans Museum - van Beuningen, Rotterdam
The “Tower of Babel”, both surviving in Vienna, will reunite in Vienna: its panel, which is called the “minor”, ​​will send the Museum Boijmans - van Beuningen (Rotterdam) to the Austrian capital. The last time these paintings "met" about four centuries ago, when they were part of the collection of the Holy Roman Emperor Rudolph II (1552 - 1612). Now the work filled with the smallest details will become the center of the hall dedicated to teaching Brueghel in the miniaturist's workshop.

Peter Bruegel the Elder, "The Adoration of the Magi" (1564). National Gallery, London
Other significant exhibits will include “Sea Battle in Neapolitan Harbor” from the Doria Pamphili Gallery in Rome, “Two Monkeys” from the Berlin State Museums, “The Triumph of Death” from Prado in Madrid, “The Mad Greta” from the Museum Mayer van den Berg in Antwerp , “The Adoration of the Magi in a Winter Landscape” from Switzerland and the “Adoration of the Magi” from the National Gallery in London, as well as the drawings “The Beekeepers” from the Berlin State Museums and the “Artist and Connoisseur” from the Albertina Gallery in Vienna.

See also: "Avant-garde superstar Renaissance." The anniversary of Tintoretto is celebrated in Venice. The exhibition "Bruegel" will be organized both in chronological order and by topic. In small halls, next to the main exposition, the results of recent complex technological research will be presented, explaining how the works were created. One of the sections will be devoted to religious works.
Chief among them will be "The Triumph of Death" and "Mad Greta", specially restored for this show.The triumph of deathPitter Bruegel the Elder1563, 117 × 162 cmThe “Bearing of the Cross” will be presented in an unusual way - the largest panel of Bruegel and the only one that has preserved its original format. It will be exposed without a frame in such a way that viewers could see both the front and back sides, evaluate the construction and the fragility of the wooden base, as well as the amazing quality of processing and the paint layer, which allow the painter's paintings to last for four and a half centuries. Danish Gallery showing pictures from a new perspectiveThe procession to Calvary (Carrying the Cross) Peter Bruegel the Elder 1564, 124 × 170 cm “The Battle of the Fast and Shrovetide” will be accompanied by a collection of modern artifacts depicted in the picture. Visitors will be able to appreciate the abundance of the details included in this composition, understand the meaning of individual scenes and appreciate Bruegel's unsurpassed mastery in conveying the physical qualities of the objects depicted. The curators also question the traditional moralistic interpretation of the work and demonstrate Bruegel's insight as a social critic.The Battle of the Fast and ShrovetidePiter Bruegel the Elder1559, 118 × 164 cmThe Winter Landscape The development of the genre from antiquity to the present day will be a good point: how did religion and the invention of oil painting contribute to the genre in Europe and why is the Hudson River so important? Read further with a bird trap "and" Beating up babies. " And the show will be completed by Bruegel’s later works, explaining why he long bore the nickname “Muzhitsky” - “Peasant Wedding” and “Peasant Dance”, as well as “Forty on the gallows”, which is called the artist's testament. The final chord of the exhibition will be a comparison of the Nest Thrasher panel and the large Beekeepers picture.Adoration of the Magi in a winter landscapePeter Bruegel the Elder1567, 35 × 55 cmBattleship in the Neapolitan harborPiter Bruegel the Elder1558, 41 × 70 cmTwo monkeys on a chainPiter Bruegel the Elder1562, 20 × 23 cmChildren gamesPeter Bruegel the Elder1560, 118 × 161 cmWinter landscape with skating and a bird trapPeter Bruegel the Elder1565, 37 × 55.5 cmBeating up babiesPiter Bruegel the Elder1565, 109.2 × 158.1 cmPeasant WeddingPitter Bruegel the Elder1568, 114 × 163 cmForty on the gallowsPiter Bruegel the Elder1568, 45.9 × 50.8 cmPeasant and Nest ReaverPiter Bruegel the Elder1568, 59.3 × 68.3 cmBeekeepersPiter Bruegel the Elder1565, 20.3 × 30.9 cmThe blockbuster exhibition “Bruegel” at the Vienna Museum of Art History will open on October 2, 2018 and will end on January 13, 2019.Peasant DancePitter Bruegel the Elder1568, 114 × 164 cmArchive: read us in the Telegram and see on Instagram
Based on materials from the official website of the Museum of Art History in Vienna