Scientists have discovered the cause of death of Caravaggio. This is not syphilis

Caravaggio was not only a revolutionary artist of the Baroque epoch. The Baroque style that changed the Renaissance, unlike Renaissance art, which maintained the distance between the work and the audience, sought to shake the soul. Of course, successfully: the picturesque pearls of those times are true treasures. Read further, which influenced many of his colleagues. Biographers also know him as a gambler, I will hang up and a shooter. Over the past four centuries, historians have concluded that the painter most likely died of syphilis in 1610. However, new research groups of seven Italian and French scientists refute this theory. Before finding the cause of Caravaggio’s death, they first had to find his remains.In this case, it turned out that the killer was staphylococcus. Researchers were able to detect bacteria by analyzing the blood vessels in the artist’s teeth. They published the results of their research in The Lancet weekly, one of the oldest and most prestigious medical journals.

Ottavio Leoni, "Portrait of Italian artist Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio" (c. 1621). Biblioteca Marucelliana, Florence
Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (1571 - 1610) was born in 1571 near Milan. Soon after his 20th birthday, he gained recognition as an artist, but at the same time he participated in many fights and armed fights. In one of these street battles in Rome, he killed a man, was sentenced to death, fled from the Eternal City and wandered around southern Italy. His last battle took place around Naples on July 9, 1610.

Crossing from there by boat, Caravaggio stopped at Palo - a port 20 miles from Rome - where she was arrested and imprisoned. After his release, he came on foot to Porto Ercole in Tuscany, where he died at a local hospital at the age of 39 and allegedly was buried in a nearby cemetery.David with the head of Goliath Mikelangelo Merisi de Caravaggio 1600, 110.4 × 91.3 cm First of all, the team of scientists from the Mediterranean Infectious Diseases Institute in Marseille had to find the remains of Caravaggio. At the cemetery of Porto Ercole, experts checked the burial of all men 1.65 meters tall at the age of 35 to 40 years. In total, nine such skeletons were found, but only one, as radiocarbon analysis showed, belonged to the 17th century.
In addition, the researchers found out that there is an extremely high level of lead in the bones, which was a weighty confirmation, because Caravaggio was known to carelessly use this metal in paints. Some experts even believe that he died from lead poisoning, although it is known that he had signs of fever.Sick Bacchus (Self-Portrait in Mirror Image) Michelangelo Merisi de Caravaggio 1594, 67 × 53 cm To confirm the hypothesis of the skeleton of his DNA was compared with the genetic profile of other people by the name of Merisi or Merizio. "With reasonable probability ... these remains are attributed to Caravaggio," the scientists note.
To identify the cause of death, physicians analyzed the teeth of the remains. Several hypotheses have been proposed, such as brucellosis, malaria, or sepsis caused by a wound that Caravaggio received during his last scuffle in Naples. The final data, confirmed twice, suggests that the person whose skeleton was analyzed, died from infection with Staphylococcus aureus.The boy bitten by Michelangelo Merisi de Caravaggio's lizard 1596, 66 × 49.5 cmAll elements in support of this hypothesis also showed that “this death is plausible in the context of Caravaggio's life and is caused by sepsis secondary to superinfection of wounds after a fight in Naples, several days before the onset of symptoms "- the researchers conclude.Arthiv: read us in the Telegram and look at Instagram