Large-scale exhibition of Salvador Dali will be held in St. Petersburg

Since April 2017, the exposition “Salvador Dali. Surrealist and Classic ”will unfold in the Faberge Museum. More than 150 paintings and graphic works by the artist, presented by the Gala-Salvador Dali Foundation in Figueres (Catalonia, Spain), as well as other museum and private collections will present the audience. Already known details about what works Dali brought to the exhibition.Remembering the exhibition “Surrealism in Catalonia. Artists Ampurdana and Salvador Dali "in the State Hermitage Museum, preparing for the opening day. The exhibition, which opens on April 1, 2017, will allow the artist to follow his career, starting with the surrealistic works of the 1930s that made him famous and ending with his references to the themes of classical European art in the 1980s. Particular emphasis is placed on Salvador Dali’s reflection on the heritage of the geniuses of the Italian Renaissance - Michelangelo and Cellini, as well as Dante's Divine Comedy.
Landscape with mysterious detailsSalvador Dali1934, 72.5 × 59.5 cmOne of the main works of the upcoming exhibition is "Landscape with mysterious elements", which the Gala-Salvador Dali Foundation acquired in 2011 for 7.8 million euros (11.14 million dollars) from a private collector who wished to remain anonymous.

In "Landscape with mysterious elements" Dali originally quotes the famous masterpiece "The Art of Painting" by Vermeer. The personality and creativity of the Dutch painter Dali admired throughout his life, put him in first place in his scandalous comparative table of the significance of artists and even called him "a comprehensive surrealist." Paying tribute to his "mentor", Dali often portrayed Vermeer in his paintings. Here and in “Landscape with mysterious elements” he places it in the foreground pierced by the surprising, unearthly light of the Ampurdan Valley, and himself, still a child, dressed in a sailor suit, accompanied by a nanny somewhere far away. Fragments of reality - the sky, cypress trees, Portligat, the ideal Hampdanese village - side by side in a picture with ghosts, shadows and fantastic nameless forms, giving the widest field for interpretation.
Jan Vermeer. "The Art of Painting". 1660s

Read also our special exhibition review: One third of Vermeer's heritage is exhibited in the Louvre. The earliest works by Salvador Dali to be presented at the exhibition are surreal landscapes from 1934-1937.
Dali depicts the desert landscapes of Ampurdan and introduces various shapes and elements into them. Their mysterious combinations resemble dreams, and perhaps reveal to us the content of an “unconscious” artist, which he, through his “paranoid-critical method”, releases from under the yoke of logic and reason and transfers to painting.The figure and drapery against the background of the landscapeSalvador Dali1934, 55.5 × 46 cm

Salvador Dali - one of the main artists who determined the development of the art of the XX century, was infinitely paradoxical, like the XX century itself. Instantly recognizable and unlike anyone, he forever entered not only the history of fine art, but also the history of design, fashion, theater, cinema and literature. He managed to reflect in his work almost all the great ideas and contradictions of his time. The exhibition at the Faberge Museum provides an opportunity to touch the remarkable diversity of Dali's creative work, and to feel the inner kinship of modernism and the classics found in his works.
Francesc Catala Roca. Salvador Dali with a hypercubic cross. 1953.
Foundation "Gala Salvador Dali"

In the painting “In Search of the Fourth Dimension”, written in 1979, during the period of active experiments of the artist with stereoscopic and holographic images that can help find the third and fourth dimension, which means, according to Dali’s logic, we can achieve immortality - white tunics, bread, cypress, soft watches, but in a completely different context.
In an attempt to unite space and time, Dali combines his own imagery with quotations from the canonical works of the Renaissance - the "Athenian School" by Raphael and "Passing the Keys to the Apostle Peter" by Perugino. However, in itself, interest in classical European painting appears in Dali much earlier. In 1945, Dali creates a series of illustrations for the autobiography of Benvenuto Cellini, one of the most famous representatives of the Florentine Renaissance. Dali freely interprets the text Cellini, providing maximum opportunities for his imagination.
These illustrations, made in watercolor and ink on paper, will be displayed at the exhibition in the Faberge Museum.
  • Salvador Dali. Works from a series of illustrations
  • to the autobiography of Benvenuto Cellini
Salvador Dali. "Black devil. Hell. Canto 21. From the series of illustrations to the “Divine Comedy” by Dante Alighieri, Dali's large-scale project - a series of illustrations to the “Divine Comedy” by Dante Alighieri - was commissioned on the occasion of the 700th anniversary of Dante by the State Polygraphic Institute of Italy. Dali began this work in 1950 in the coastal village of Cadaqués and completed it two years later, completing 102 illustrations in various techniques, using watercolor Akvarel (from Italian. "Aquarello") - a well-known technique of drawing with water-based paints, invented in III Art. in China. Water color paints become transparent after dissolving in water; therefore, when applied to grainy paper, the image looks airy and thin. Unlike oil paintings, there are no textured strokes in watercolor paintings. To read further, gouache (from French Gouache - wet) is a type of painting that uses matte water-soluble paints. They are also called this term. Gouache originated in the 11th century, when glue and whitewash were added to watercolors to achieve greater density. Its texture creates an opaque image, can overlap "bad" places. In the Middle Ages, gouache paints created miniatures in books. Renaissance artists used them for sketches. In Russia, gouache has become popular among poster artists. In easel painting it is used for decoration of decorative elements, in combination with ink or watercolor. Gouache work not only on paper, but also on canvas, plywood, fabric. The paint is first applied with a thin floe and then covered with a thick one. There is art and poster gouache. For the latter is characterized by high saturation. Read on, sanguine and ink. Between 1959 and 1963, 100 of them were reproduced in the technique of photogravure.
All one hundred illustrations that are included in the final series and have now become a textbook, can be seen at the exhibition.
  • Salvador Dali. "Delightful mountain"
  • Salvador Dali. "Centaur"
Salvadre Dali. Untitled, 1982. Based on the sculpture "Giuliano Medici" by Michelangelo. Also, the exhibition will feature paintings by Salvador Dali in the early 1980s and dedicated to the great Renaissance master Michelangelo Buonarotti. Several of these works were first shown to the public only last year at a thematic exhibition in Italy, and for the first time in Russia. These works open the veil over the little-studied last years of Dali's life.Salvador Dali. “Geological Echo. Pieta. Based on the Pieta sculpture by Michelangelo. 1982.Exhibition “Salvadre Dali. Surrealist and Classic ”in the Faberge Museum (St. Petersburg) will be open from April 1 to July 2, 2017. The title illustration: Salvador Dali,“ Warrior ”(“ Los Embozados ”). Based on the sculpture "Lorenzo Medici" with the tombstone of Lorenzo Medici by Michelangelo. 1982. The Gala-Salvador Dali Foundation. Illustrations: Fundació Gala-Salvador Dalí, Figueres, 2017. Based on materials from the Faberge Museum.