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The court for the picture Pissarro, kidnapped in World War II, lost a pair of US

A couple from the United States lost a claim to own a picture of the impressionist Camille Pissarro. A French court confirmed that the painting bought at Christie's auction should be handed over to the heirs of a collector of Jewish origin, who lost his work during World War II.Rich American art collectors Bruce and Robbie Tall appealed after the court ruled in November 2017 that the painting rightfully belongs to the descendants of businessman Simon Bauer. The Nazis misappropriated it in 1943.
The husband and wife from the United States insisted that they had no idea that the painting "Harvesting Peas" was forcibly removed. They bought it at Christie's in New York in 1995 for $ 800,000. However, the Paris Court of Appeal ruled that the decision of the lower court remains in force.Collection of peas Camille Pissarro1887, 53.3 × 64.4 cm During the Nazi occupation, Simon Bauer was kept in a Drancy camp near Paris, but in 1944 he avoided being deported to Nazi death camps because of a strike of train drivers. A year earlier, his collection of works of art, including the Pissarro painting, was confiscated. The works were sold by an art dealer appointed by the Vichy regime loyal to the occupiers.
Bauer was released in September 1944 and immediately began to search for his treasures. However, by the time of his death in 1947, he was able to restore only a small part of his collection of 93 paintings. The search continued his relatives.
The picture “Collecting Peas” by the collector’s grandson, 87-year-old Jean-Jacques Bauer, discovered Camille Pissarro’s retrospectives in the Marmottan-Monnet Museum in the spring of 2017 in the catalog. The artist wrote this genre scene in gouache in 1887.Camille Pissarro's painting “Harvesting Peas” in an electronic catalog on the Marmottan-Monet Semion Bauer Museum website claimed in court that Toll spouses - experienced collectors who made a fortune in real estate trading - should have known that the picture was on the list of stolen works of art. However, the court agreed that the Americans, who patronize the Holocaust museums in Washington and Tel Aviv, bought the canvas in good faith. During the trials, Peas Collection was transferred to the repository of the Orsay and Orangerie museums.Shepherdess collects sheep Camille Pissarro 1886, 38.1 × 46.4 cm Recall that in February 2016, the University of Oklahoma, after three years of legal disputes, decided to return Camille Pissarro's picture "Shepherd collects sheep" (1886) to Frenchwoman Leone Meyer who survived the Holocaust. The owner decided that the canvas would be alternately exhibited in France and in Oklahoma.

Camille Pissarro, "Rue Saint-Honore by day. The Effect of Rain (1897). Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Madrid
There are other works Pissarro, trapped in the history of the Nazis. So, in June 2015, a judge from Los Angeles ruled that the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum is not obliged to return the landscape “Rue Saint-Honoré during the day. The Rain Effect ”to the heirs of Lilly Cassirer, who sold the piece, fleeing Germany in 1939. The judge suggested that the parties to the agreement come to an agreement. And in 2012 in the Munich apartment of the late German collector Cornelius Gurlitt - the son of a Nazi art dealer - the canvas “Sen. View of the Pont Neuf on the background of the Louvre.

During World War II, the Nazis plundered over 650,000 pieces of art. By 2009, about one hundred thousand of them were never returned to their rightful owners. These data were published by the conference "The era of the Holocaust", held 9 years ago in the Czech Republic.Camille Pissarro, “Seine. View of the Pont-Neuf against the background of the Louvre "(1902) from the" Gurlitt Collection "Arthive: read us in the Telegram and look at Instagram
Based on Artdaily and several other sources. Main illustration - The IPKat