Hundreds of works stolen by the Nazis found in Dutch museums

In forty-two Dutch institutions found 170 works of art that could be stolen or confiscated by the Nazis. Among them, 83 paintings, one of which was in the royal collection, 26 drawings and 13 Jewish ceremonial objects, which are believed to have been lost between 1933 and 1945. The authors range from Hans Memling to Wassily Kandinsky.The findings were published by the project Museale Verwervingen, which since 2009 has conducted thorough research in 163 institutes-members of the National Association of Museums. The only institution where the work continues is the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam. A team of five experts since 2012 traces the provenance of all the exhibits and has already identified 22 objects potentially related to the stolen Nazis.The Hague Forest overlooking the Huys-ten-BosJoris van der Hagen Palace1670The process of restitution - or the transfer of works to the original owners or their descendants - has already begun. Among the already returned works is a painting by the Baroque artist Joris van der Hagen from the royal collection. Queen Juliana purchased her in 1960, and in 2015 it was announced that this was the Nazi booty. The canvas entitled “The Hague Forest overlooking the Huys-ten Bosch Palace” was removed from the bank’s vault in Amsterdam during World War II, and has now returned to the heirs of the original owners. The grandmother of the current King Willem-Alexander did not know about the origin of the landscape.
In the City Museum of Amsterdam, watercolorAkvarel (from Italian. "Aquarello") was found - a well-known technique of drawing using water-based paints, invented in Art. III. in China. Water color paints become transparent after dissolving in water; therefore, when applied to grainy paper, the image looks airy and thin. Unlike oil paintings, there are no textured strokes in watercolor paintings. Read more about Wassily Kandinsky, who belonged to a Jewish collector, until it was sold at auction in 1940. Currently, the requirement of restitution is under consideration by the relevant government authority in the Netherlands.Wassily Kandinsky, “View of Murnau with a church” from the Van Abbe Museum collection Meanwhile, in January, a restoration committee decided that the city council of Eindhoven could leave Kandinsky’s other work at the Van Abbe Museum - “View of Murnau with a Church”. The commission members did not find sufficient evidence that the once-owned collector of Jewish origin, Johann Margaret Stern-Lippmann, had lost her picture during Nazi rule.
Other cases are even less transparent. The City Museum has two works by Henri Matisse with a hazy past - a black chalk drawing titled "Standing Nude" (1900) and the painting "Odalisque" (1921).OdaliscAnri Matisse1923, 61 × 74 cmThis picture was an anonymous gift made in 1940. It is possible that the Jewish owner tried to hide the precious works of art in this way before the Nazis came to power. And the sketch was a present from a German businessman of Jewish origin, who donated it through a third party under mysterious circumstances. Now the museum is in contact with relatives. Read also: The trial for the Pissarro painting, stolen in World War II, was lost by a couple from the USASalome with the head of John the Baptist Yang Adam Cruzemann 1861, 120 × 90 cm Among other objects that the Museale Verwervingen project has identified as potentially stolen, is listed as Salome with the head of John the Baptist by John Adam Cruzemann of the Rijksmuseum. The picture went under the hammer in 1943 in Amsterdam. Its seller is unknown, but the auction house is suspected in transactions with confiscated property. Arthiv: read us in Telegram and look on Instagram
Based on artnet News