The “Polovichki” by Sarah Ilinichna Shtern in Tate Modern: works of the Paris avant-garde artist of Ukrainian origin, Sonia Delaunay - for the first time in England

This Parisian woman with Ukrainian roots, who grew up in St. Petersburg and is known worldwide as Sonia Delaunay, will soon be able to get to know each other better in the British capital. The retrospective of the goddess of color, who gave the world the word "simultanizm", opens for the first time in a foggy city on the Thames. Delone's hypnotic patterns are waiting for you at the exhibition, which is already called one of the best expositions of London 2015.CollageSonya Delaunay

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Avant-gardist Sonya Delone transferred high art from picture frames and museum spaces to the hems of dresses and the walls of apartments, turning into a design object even a small children's blanket in which she wrapped her son. She was born in Odessa, grew up in Russia, studied in Germany, and in 1906 joined the Paris avant-garde movement. Here the artist met her future spouse, Robert Delaunay, with whom they invented the picturesque style of dancing solar circles and color vibrations, which they called "simultanism."Electric prisms Sonia Delone1914, 250 × 250 cm Many textbook compositions of this artistic direction will be presented at an exhibition in the Tate Modern gallery, including the famous works Electric Prisms (1914) and Bal Bullier (1913).Ballroom by Bulle Sonya Delone1913, 50 × 73 cmRhythm colorSony Delone1952, 105 × 194 cm

What is it, Paris early twentieth century? Abstract works by Sonia Delaunay are the pulsating life of a metropolis, proclaiming the birth of electric street lighting, the rhythms of new dances and the knocking down of modernity.

What inspired Madame Delone?

The artist’s retrospective is devoted to her experiments with color and form, tapestries, interior textiles and fashion. Visitors to the exhibition will learn how Delone managed to embroider poetry on fabric, turn her own apartment into a three-dimensional collage. Collagraphy is a relatively new type of relief printing. It was invented in the middle of the 20th century and combines environmental friendliness, ease of execution, richness of textures and plastics, and, moreover, it is well combined with other graphic manners (for example, "dry needle"). The printed matrix is ​​a collage (hence the name combining the words "collage" and "graph") and is created by sticking various materials — fabrics, plastic, sand, plants, and so on — to a wooden or cardboard base using various pastes. Read more Collage (from fr. Collage - sticking) - a method used in the visual arts and consists in creating applications from different fragments, different in color and texture. This term also denotes work done in this technique. It was first introduced by futurists and cubists, in particular, Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, to the visual arts. They combined scraps of fabric, photographs and wallpapers on canvas. Famous collage artists include film director Sergei Paradzhanov, who combined photographs, pieces of lace, porcelain, and dried plants.
Decorator reception is often tried to diversify with painting tools: a brush with paint or a pen with ink. The creative genre is characterized by diversity and courage of ideas. A related technique is assemblage, which involves combining various objects and their parts on one surface. Photo collages are very popular today. Read on and, together with extraordinary costumes, go down in history of the Dyagilev seasons.

Sonya Delone presented her first patchwork dress in the style of “simultaneousism” in 1913, and soon opened a boutique in Madrid. The clients of her progressive studio in Paris (Atelier Simultané), engaged in the manufacture of umbrellas, hats, shoes, scarves and swimsuits, were the Hollywood star Gloria Swenson and the famous British architect Ernaud Goldfinger.

According to the project curators, the exposition will touch the artist’s sources of inspiration, which were childhood memories of Russia and the years spent in Spain and Portugal, where the “Market in Miño” (1915) and “The Flamenco Singers” (1915−1916) were created.The market in MinoSonia Delone1915, 127.5 × 92.5 cm

Sonya Delone’s mind was agitated by the frantic pace of progress and its production: from a light bulb to the Eiffel Tower, from the Trans-Siberian Railway to airplanes. So, for the first time in Great Britain, the seven-meter frescoes “Engine”, “Propeller” and “Control Panel”, created by the author especially for the International Exhibition in Paris in 1937, will show at the Tate Modern exhibition in the UK.

Horizontal cactusSonia Delone1979After the death of her husband Delone in 1941, her works began to receive world recognition (biographers often say that before this artist was in the shadow of Robert).Portrait of Philomena Sonia Delone 1907, 40 × 42 cm Sonia Delone became the first artist whose retrospective opened in the Louvre during her lifetime (in 1964), and received the Order of the Legion of Honor.

Avant-gardist continued to experiment with abstraction and in the postwar period, doing art until the last day of life and becoming one of the pioneers of the new time, a source of inspiration for subsequent generations of artists and designers.

Look for ideas for interior design and fashionable wardrobe at the cult artist Sony Delone can be from April 15 to August 9 in the Tate Modern.