Maria Primachenko (1908−1997) - a representative of naive art, folk artist of Ukraine. She was born in the village of Bolotnya near Kiev, where she spent her whole life, almost without leaving. Because of the poliomyelitis suffered in childhood, Maria remained lame for the rest of her life. The girl drew from the age of eight, embroidered (like her mother, an embroidery master known to the whole district), sewed and painted huts. At first, she painted the walls of her father’s house, and when the neighbors saw an elegant hut room decorated with bright flowers, they began to invite me to make “such beauty”.
Photo: Maria Primachenko
In 1937, at the World Exhibition in Paris, the artist was awarded a gold medal. Her works were exhibited in Warsaw, Sofia, Montreal, Prague, at republican exhibitions in the Soviet Union.The BeastMariya Avksentyevna Primachenko1992 “Unlimited fantasy, bold color solutions, disarming folk color - only a few components of the secret of the unpretentious at first glance, the artist from the Ukrainian backyard Maria Primachenko…” in our publication “Primitivism: be like children”.KradunMaria Avksentyevna Primachenko1940The pea effigy on eight legsMaria Avksentyevna Primachenko1990In her works Primachenko portrayed magical beasts, birds, flowers and scenes from rural life. The artist never saw many animals and drew, using her imagination and unlimited imagination. When she was asked what kind of miracle it was, pointing to some mythical beast, they heard in response: “That was how beasts looked before our era.”
Mary was even advised not to go to the zoo to save fabulousness in her works. For the first time, Primachenko learned how her favorite characters really looked like, only in the 1970s, when Sergei Paradzhanov invited the artist to the circus and took him to a show in Kiev.Wild bearMaria Avksentyevna Primachenko1989MonkeyMaria Avksentyevna Primachenko1991In Primachenko's drawings, the sonorous pure color, internal dynamics, and folk decorative motifs are combined with amazing artistic power along with extraordinary expression and incredible emotional power of images. Birds with embroidered wings and exotic animals in floral designs. What is not the idyll of the Garden of Eden?The beast with a long neckMaria Avksentyevna Primachenko1970The BeastMaria Avksentyevna Primachenko1983The names of the paintings are original for Primachenko - the perky rhymed sayings written by the artist reveal the character of the character or describe the mythical plot.Oliyan was born at the city, neme nіde і dosі Mariya Avksentyevna Primachenko1978This beast opened its mouth and wants to eat a flower, but thin languageMaria Avksentyevna Primachenko1985Levaha walking around the field, did not rob. Marvel, schob de zhivitisya Maria Avksentyevna Primachenko1989
Maria Primachenko became the founder of the dynasty of artists. She taught to draw her only son - Fedor (1941−2008) and grandchildren - Ivan and Peter. The exhibition presents their work.
The work of Ivan Primachenko. Untitled
Kiev sculptor Oleg Pinchuk collects works of Maria Primachenko and calls her his favorite artist. His collection includes several dozen masterworks, some are presented at the current exhibition. Among them is the work “Ukrainian Sunflower”, depicted on the jubilee coin from the series “Outstanding figures of Ukraine”, which was released in 2008 in honor of the 100th anniversary of the birth of Maria Primachenko.
Maria Primachenko. “Ukrainian sunflower. May the people bring joy and happiness to every home so that there may be peace throughout the whole earth. ”
Oleg Pinchuk is a famous Ukrainian sculptor. He studied at the National Academy of Art in Kiev and the Graduate School of Visual Art in Geneva. His works are kept in many museum collections: the collections of the Vienna Museum of Art History, the Cartier jewelry company in Geneva, Espace Pierre Cardin in Paris, the Riga Museum of Foreign Collections, the Moscow Museum of Modern Art, the National Museum of Ukrainian History and other museums and private collections.
Oleg Pinchuk. Bird of happiness II. year 2013. Photo: site "M 17"
The first step has already been taken. In October 2017, the first art installation of this project appeared on Maria Primachenko Boulevard. Now take a picture with a lion in the morning is considered a good omen, and even a good mood for the whole day is guaranteed.
Anastasia Primachenko - the great-granddaughter of the artist at the installation. Photo: Prima Maria Art Boulevard Facebook page
Title illustration: Maria Primachenko “Wild Sheep”, 1989. Paper, gouache Gouache (from the French. Gouache - wet) - a type of painting that uses matte water-soluble paints. They are also called this term. Gouache originated in the 11th century, when glue and whitewash were added to watercolors to achieve greater density. Its texture creates an opaque image, can overlap "bad" places. In the Middle Ages, gouache paints created miniatures in books. Renaissance artists used them for sketches. In Russia, gouache has become popular among poster artists. In easel painting it is used for decoration of decorative elements, in combination with ink or watercolor. Gouache work not only on paper, but also on canvas, plywood, fabric. The paint is first applied with a thin floe and then covered with a thick one. There is art and poster gouache. For the latter is characterized by high saturation. Read on. Private collection