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Pushkin Museum shows the Georgian avant-garde of the first third of the twentieth century

State Museum of Fine Arts named after A.S. For the first time in Russia, Pushkin presents a large-scale exhibition of works by Georgian artists of the first third of the twentieth century — vivid works of masters, many of which were studied and exhibited in Paris. Visitors discover the works of Niko Pirosmanashvili (Pirosmani), Vladimir (Lado) Gudiashvili, David Kakabadze, Kirill Zdanevich, Elena Akhvlediani, Zigi (Sigismund) Valishevsky ... The only exception was the avant-garde artist Alexandra Exter. Once a resident of Kiev, having moved to France, she taught at the Fernand Leger school, created "model" clothes, and after a long oblivion her paintings today are valued "by a million." Our small excursion is on the Kiev routes "amazon Russian avant-garde". Read more !The exposition “Georgian Avant-garde: 1900−1930-e. Pirosmani, Gudiashvili, Kakabadze and other artists ”collected more than 200 works of painting, easel and theatrical-decorative graphics from the largest museum and private collections in Russia and Georgia.The Lion and the SunNiko Pirosmani (Pirosmanashvili) The beginning of the 20th century, 80 × 100 cm. The main idea of ​​the exhibition is to show the richest artistic heritage of Georgian avant-garde art. The project is intended to emphasize the importance of dialogue between the two countries, whose history and culture have been inextricably linked for centuries by reliable ties. After all, Georgia, and Tiflis in particular, were a meeting place for different civilizations, languages ​​and traditions.Niko Pirosmani (Pirosmanashvili). "Brother and sister". A scene from the play of the same name by V. Guniya.
Oilcloth on canvas, oil. Collection of Iveta and Tamaz Manasherov, Moscow At the beginning of the twentieth century, avant-garde thought had a profound effect on various types of art in Georgia: painting, literature, music and theater. Tiflis became the center of a creative experiment, the “little Paris.” The cultural life of the city was full of events, and artistic cafes vied with each other for poetic tournaments. Vladimir Mayakovsky and Osip Mandelshtam performed here, poets Vasily Kamensky and Alexey Kruchenykh moved to Tiflis, and Heinrich Neuhaus taught at the conservatory.Family celebrationNiko Pirosmani (Pirosmanashvili) 1907, 180 × 115 cm

... Philosopher George Gurdjieff opened here the first “Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man” and the “School of Collective Gymnastics”, where everyone could enter classes and study “sacral dances” and “sacral gymnastics”. Life in Tiflis raged!
Lado Gudiashvili. "The poet Galaktion Tabidze and blue horses", 1919

In the 1910s, David Kakabadze, the Zdanevich brothers, and Alexander Bazhbeuk-Melikyan left Georgia to study in St. Petersburg and Moscow. Here they are actively involved in the artistic life of the capital, get closer to representatives of the Russian avant-garde, participate in exhibitions, disputes and come up with artistic manifestos.Sigismund Waliszewski, "Women's High School in Tiflis". 1918

In 1912, Petersburger Mikhail Le Dantu and Tiflis, the futurist poet Ilya Zdanevich “discovered” Pirosmani's work - first Russian and then European public.
They were the first to compare the works of Pirosmani with the works of Henri Rousseau, around whom Picasso, Matisse, Derain and many others joined in the early 1900s.
For Georgian artists, the “new” generation of Pirosmani’s paintings became, if not a source of inspiration, then an example of pure art free from the “academic inertia”.
Niko Pirosmani (Pirosmanashvili). "Karachogeli (nobleman) with a horn of wine." Private collection, Moscow

In the early 1920s, many Georgian artists went to Paris, where they met Andre Derain, Amedeo Modigliani, Albert Marquet, Fernan Leger, Leonardo Fusita, as well as Russian avant-garde artists Mikhail Larionov and Natalia Goncharova.
Lado Gudiashviliya "Green Fairies" Lado Gudiashvili studied at the Academy Ransona; Kirill Zdanevich - at the Academy Grand Shomer. A number of successful exhibitions with the participation of Georgian artists are held in Paris.Kirill Zdanevich. "Orchestra self portrait". 1918In fact, the full name of this picture is as follows: “Orchestra self-portrait: painter Gudnev, poet Kara-Dervish, poet Valeria Valishevskaya, maestro of painting Kirill Zdanevich, orchestra-poet Ilya Zdanevich, poet Kolachu Chernyavsky, zuma-poet A. Kruchenykh.”Lado Gudiashvili. "Spring (Green Woman)"

The avant-garde Georgian experiment continued throughout the 1920s. Thus, in March 1924, the group “H2SO4” was created, the members of which published a magazine with the same name; Gudiashvili returned from Paris in 1926, Kakabadze returned the next year, while the poets Simon Chikovani, Titian Tabidze and Paolo Yashvili continued to write and publish their poems until the end of the 1930s. Then, in an atmosphere of harsh political repression, overt artistic experiments ceased; The dramatic nature of the country's history has fully responded to the personal and creative fate of many of the heroes of the Georgian avant-garde of the early 20th century.
Lado Gudiashvili, "A young man with a hind."

Lado Gudiashvili. “In the waves of Tskhenis-Tskali”. 1925 Exposition of the exhibition in the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts. A.S. Pushkin occupies three floors of the building of the Department of personal collections. The first one contains works by David Kakabadze; Here, visitors view fragments from films in whose creation the heroes of the exhibition took part.
Works of Lado Gudiashvili, Alexander Bazhbeuk-Melikov, Elena Akhvlediani and Kirill Zdanevich are presented on the second floor. A large section of the exhibition is devoted to the theater: viewers will see theatrical costumes, sketches of scenery and costumes by I. Gamrekeli, P. Otskheli, K. Zdanevich for the productions of Kote Mardjanishvili and Alexander Akhmeteli.
The third floor is dedicated to the works of Niko Pirosmani. “Today Pirosmani is one of the greatest representatives of primitivism and the person named after a huge number of restaurants of Caucasian cuisine. During his lifetime he was called easier - the painter. Money literally floated away from him. Basically, the artist made a living by painting the walls of taverns and creating signs, and for that he was fed and poured a glass of wine and a glass of vodka. He tried to return to his native village, opened a grocery store in which he sold cheese, milk, yoghurt, honey. The venture has failed ... ”- the special material in Arthive is dedicated to the artist’s fate.Niko Pirosmani (Pirosmanashvili). "A girl and a goose with goslings." 1917
Oil on cardboard. Collection of Iveta and Tamaz Manasherov, Moscow The State Russian Museum, the State Tretyakov Gallery, the State Museum of the East, the State Central Theater Museum named after M. Gorkiy took part in the preparation of the project. A. Bakhrushina, Moscow Museum of Modern Art, Russian State Library, Russian State Archive of Literature and Art. They opened their archives for research and supported the National Museum of Georgia. Sh. Amiranashvili, Georgia-Film Film Concern, Museum-Library I. Grishashvili and others.Niko Pirosmani (Pirosmanashvili). "Shepherd in a burka (on a red background)"
Oilcloth on canvas, oil. Collection of Iveta and Tamaz Manasherov, Moscow Exhibition “Georgian Avant-Garde: 1900−1930s. Pirosmani, Gudiashvili, Kakabadze and other artists.
From museums and private collections "in the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts. Pushkin will work from December 8, 2016 to March 12, 2017.