News

"Floating World" Claude Monet: Albertina is a grand retrospective of the artist

The exhibition "Claude Monet", starting on September 21, until January 6, 2019, settled in the Vienna Albertina. The large-scale exhibition was arranged with the impressive support of the Marmottan-Monet Museum in Paris, which provided about 100 masterpieces. The rest of the works are borrowed from forty international museums and private collections, including the Orsay Museum, the National Portrait Gallery of London, the Pushkin Museum.

Albertina proudly notes that this is the first major exhibition of Claude Monet in Austria in the last 20 years.
Claude Monet was called "the father of impressionism", "master of light", who was original not only in his painting technique, but in his general and passionate research hobby. Places along the banks of the Seine, the coast of France, the garden in Giverny, the architecture of cities, the watery surface, the bright and lush vegetation of summer landscapes and the mysterious gray-blue mists are winter ... Literally all the themes and motifs of Monet's work are not just presented in all their magnificence, but also shown in development.
Thus, the works at the exhibition highlight the revolutionary transition in the artist's work from realism to impressionism and then to that painting, in which color and light are gradually separated from the objects that reflect them ... Pictures with free plastic, special vision and approach to the image of nature. These late works of Monet, many years after the artist’s death, paved the way for abstract expressionism in painting.

Girls in a boatClaude Monet1887, 145 × 132 cm “Girls in a boat” from the National Museum of Western European Art in Tokyo selected for posters of the Vienna exhibition.On the beach in TrouvilleClod Monet, 1871, 38 × 46 cmTrain in the snow (Lokomotiv) Claude Monet1875, 78 × 59 cmBoat Studio Claude Monet 1876, 72.7 × 59.8 cmBerth Claude Monet 1871, 54 × 73.5 cmRed scarf, portrait of Madame Monet Claude Monet 1873, 100 × 80 cm Event curator Heinz Vidower emphasizes that the exposition is strictly chronological. And if visitors only need to take a few steps to see the difference in the changing approach and method of Claude Monet, then the artist in his time took years to “move in space” of his work. And in order to demonstrate the change of periods and hobbies of the artist and obtain certain pictures according to the strict design of the show, the organizers had to overcome the geographical factor - bring pictures from different museums of the world. So, in one hall you can see two pictures that reflect the obvious opposition, “revolution” Monet the painter: written in 1867 and borrowed from The Hague, The Quay of the Louvre is the pure realism of urban Paris. On another wall of the same room - "Boulevard des Capucines", written six years later, who arrived in Vienna from the State Museum of Fine Arts. A.S. Pushkin in Moscow. The picture is incredibly beautiful in its transience, it is a celebration of light and the "branded" now, but an unusual and even scandalous once blurred manner.
  • Claude Monet. "Embankment of the Louvre", 1867
  • Claude Monet. Capuchin Boulevard, 1873
Camilla Monet with the child Claude Monet 1875, 55.3 × 64.7 cm “Sketches! Outrageous! Unfinished! ”- art critic did not choose expressions when Claude Monet repudiated realism in the late 1860s. He wrote like no other of his contemporaries: quickly, in nature, right in front of the subject. And he chose plots not from history, mythology or literature - he wrote, simply being present in a certain place. Monet radically refused to academic painting, which was unacceptable for art criticism and the audience of his time. His art mockingly called "impressionism" is consonant with the name of one of his first masterpieces "Impression. Sunrise". Today, Claude Monet is considered one of the main innovators in the history of painting, the ancestor of the new style. His world-famous works have changed the view of the art of a whole generation of artists.Impression. Sunrise Claude Monet 1872, 48 × 63 cm “... The artist woke up with the first rays of the sun and fell asleep when the sun was setting. He never drew a curtain window in his bedroom, and the overcast weather could plunge him into a real depression. Having seen the clouds outside the window, the artist often went to bed and refused to get up even for lunch and dinner - on such days it was better not to touch him. Never used in the studio gas lamps, Monet until his death did not recognize the electric light, refused to work with the lamp. He said: “If the sun is sleeping, what else can I do?” And he went to bed, it was just getting dark.
It is difficult to imagine now that the young Oscar - that is what they called him, Oscar Claude Monet, as a child - could not bear landscapes, open airs and did not understand how you could seriously engage in drawing nature.
Claude Monet was born in Paris, but he spent his childhood in Le Havre ... He did not want to study at all, he did not accept the restrictions and frameworks imposed by the college and his family. The young Oscar quickly found something that could be done for his own pleasure - cartoons of 15-year-old artist Claude Monet residents of Le Havre bought 20 francs for each (for comparison, 15 - 20 years later Monet would be happy to sell sometimes 50 francs for his work) ... ” biographical sketch of the artist and notes about the master and his works at Arthive.The exhibition in Vienna is remarkable for another accent, except for chronology. Monet did not care about the changeable event world. "He is an artist who was not interested in big events, only nature ... The whole exhibition is built around (the elements) of water," says Albertina director Klaus Albrecht Schröder. And although you can see early portraits along with such masterpieces as “Rouen Cathedral” in the exhibition, works with the image of the water surface on the exhibition clearly dominate. And even if it can “present” snow in Vetey Sena - it is changeable, like flowing water. And Monet is investigating it.Claude Monet. Church in Vetej, snow, 1878−1879.
Orsay Museum, Paris.

Claude Monet. Eagle Rock, view from Port d'Aval, 1886, oil on canvas. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa
Visiting the hall, replete with views of the steep cliffs of Normandy, we do not meet with the artist-traveler, and with the artist-contemplative. He, as if chained to the same object, examines and depicts him many times, at different times of the year, days, with different lighting. At the same time, “autonomy of funds increases the independence” of color solutions (Schroeder).
The presentation of a series of paintings (“Croes Valley”, “Haystack”, images of the British Parliament and Rouen Cathedral) is the main leitmotif of the exhibition.

Parliament building at sunset Claude Monet 1904, 81 × 92 cmCroesus Valley, sunny effect Claude Monet 1889, 65.1 × 92.4 cmRouen Cathedral, the effect of sunlight Claude Monet 1894, 100.6 × 66 cm

Finally, an impressive finale: after several world-famous paintings with water lilies (including those from the Butliner collection), visitors can also see paintings from the late period of the master's work: “House among the Roses” and “Japanese Bridge”, painted by an almost blind 80-year-old an artist.

The colors become dark, autumn ... And the water lilies and the bridge are already barely distinguishable in the flowery chaos of smears. "Comparable to the late work of deaf Beethoven," these paintings became known only after Monet's death, Schroeder said. They clearly indicate the next epoch of the history of art - abstract expressionism. As for any powerful artistic movement, it is impossible for expressionism to give an exact date or year of birth. It is impossible to draw a line on the map and indicate the territory in which expressionism was born and matured. All about. In addition to one reinforced concrete space-time characteristics: northern Europe on the eve of the First World War. Expressionism is an avant-garde art movement, a new tragic world view and a whole body of significant motifs, symbols and myths. And, by the way, this is a revolutionary reaction not only to the worn, lifeless traditional academic art, but also to the bright, idyllic, southern impressionistic "appearance" of the world.House among the RosesClod Monet1925Japanese BridgeClod Monet1924Exhibition Claude Monet Works in Albertina
until January 6, 2019.Arthiv: read us in the Telegram and look at Instagram
According to the materials of the official website of the Albertina Museum. Main illustration: Staircase of the Albertina Museum (photo is the official museum page on Twitter).